Other than lack of sleep, there are eight factors that might make your eyes seem tired and sleepy.
You could be straining your eyes if you gaze at a computer screen all day—or if you’re avoiding obtaining glasses and find yourself squinting to view far-away signs or when reading—and, shockingly, it might show on your face. As eye strain increases, the blood vessels surrounding the eye enlarge. An increase in blood flow may make dark circles and weary eyes look worse. Follow the 20/20/20 rule to give your eyes a vacation from the computer screen: Look at anything 20 feet away for 20 seconds every 20 minutes. It might perhaps be time for a new set of glasses.
Excessive under-eye pigment
Some individuals simply have more pigment genetically (more melanin), which may contribute to darker circles around the eye. Use your index finger to softly push underneath your eye to see whether the blackness is caused by pigment or anything else. If you move your finger and notice that the circle shrinks and then darkens again, this implies the circle is made up of blood vessels. The excess pigment is the issue if gentle pressure doesn’t help with the black circles.
Our dermatologist advises using a product that includes the brightening ingredient vitamin C to minimize dark circles produced by excess pigment. According to our expert, too much sun exposure may aggravate hyperpigmentation, so apply sunscreen every day. Some products are designed to be gentle on the delicate eye region.
Oxygenated blood in the veins under the skin behind the eyes may sometimes form bluish-black rings. The skin surrounding the eyes is delicate, translucent, and incredibly thin, letting blood shine through easily. Blue circles are most visible in the morning after we’ve been lying down all night, enabling fluid to collect.
A vitamin K-based lotion used twice a day may help to decrease dark vascular circles. Because this approach doesn’t work for everyone, try it under one eye for at least two weeks—if you see a difference in the eye where you apply it, it’s a winner; if you don’t, you may need to consult a cosmetic specialist for alternative choices. A Treatment Eye Cream includes vitamin K and hyaluronic acid, both of which aid to hydrate and plump the skin.
According to our dermatologist, if the puffiness under your eyes is worse in the morning and better later in the day, it’s likely due to fluid retention, which can be caused by eating too much salt. She suggests limiting salt consumption, increasing water intake, sleeping propped up on a couple of pillows, and using a caffeine-based eye cream to constrict blood vessels and reduce puffiness.
Allergies produce a chemical called histamine, which may widen blood vessels and increase blood flow behind the eyes. Histamine induces itching, which may lead to edema, inflammation, and fluid collection beneath the eyes, resulting in dark circles and a fatigued look, especially if you touch or scratch your eyes. Over-the-counter antihistamines, as well as nighttime cold, compresses to minimize edema, may help relieve the puffiness associated with allergies.
Many of us have set a goal to drink more water every day—a goal that seems to be very difficult to achieve. Dehydration is not only bad for our health and a productivity killer, but it may also make us fatigued and make our eyes seem tired, even if we get eight hours of sleep.
Dehydration reduces blood volume and makes your heart perform less effectively, resulting in tiredness; the skin around the eyes is very sensitive to both hydration and environmental factors.
According to our experts, some individuals just have a hereditary propensity to developing dark circles beneath their eyes, making them a pair of tired eyes, which may appear as early as infancy. This might be due to the shape of your skull and the way your skin and the fat underneath it interact with it. A deep tear trough—a groove that runs from the inner corner of the eye to the cheek—can form a visible semicircle beneath the eye. Some people’s eye sockets have sunken in even further, and the shadow of their bone structure makes it look as though their dark circles are becoming worse.
Age, age, age
Dark circles may be caused by aging in a variety of ways. To begin with, as we age, our skin loses suppleness and volume. This happens when the fat in the face wastes away, and collagen synthesis slows down, thinning the skin and causing it to lose its suppleness. As the skin thins, the blood vessels under the surface become more apparent, resulting in the appearance of dark circles. Skin drooping, or bags, may also be caused by deteriorating connective tissue, giving the appearance of being heavy and tired.