73.7 min read18742 words

10 Ingredients You Need to Include in Your Skincare Routine


Mahlagha Homayouni


June 9, 2020


Passion of skincare routine

Honestly, to have good skin, you need to take some time. Our skins are the dearest, and we must take good care of them throughout our lives. In this way, by doing daily care, you define a periodic and routine program for your skin that contributes to the freshness and health of your facial skin. It goes without saying that a skincare routine is not just for the face, and it is better to have regular care programs for the body, arms, and legs.

“What a good skin!”

“What do you do to make your skin so good?”

“What do you do to your skin that is so shiny and glassy?”

“Do you have a specific skincare routine?”

How many times during the day do you say these words to others or do you hear similar utterances from others? It must have happened to you in the morning, seeing your face in the mirror, and you’d confess that your skin is not as good as other’s. The question for you is what skincare routine people with good and clear skin use and that always and everywhere and even with the minimum make-up has a clean and radiant face?

Keep in mind that with this skincare routine, you do not need to spend a lot of money, and only by planning and performing these methods regularly, your facial skin will be in a good condition. Keep in mind that just having a good gene does not make you have good skin and you need to take care of your skin as well.


Chapter 1

Skincare routine

How many of us do really care about the skin we got? The type of skin we got? The best remedy for our skin? And more importantly, how can we take care of our skin? The good news is that the skin is always in the state of constant growth, with the dying of old cells, new cells are formed. But the bad news is that as the outermost layer of the body, the skin is easily affected by different factors, such as our food habits, where we live, etc.

Now, the most common questions asked are what suits my skin and what should I do for shiny and good skin. Before finding the answer, you need to know the type of your skin. Is it dry, oily, or combination? Every skin type requires a specific routine on a day to day basis. As information is bliss, we have gathered all that you need to know. Scroll down and learn what you need.

What skincare routines do dermatologists recommend?

Skincare routines can be as divergent as skin types. The common opinion may hold it this way: Clean, moisturize it, repeat.

However, it goes far deeper than that. For example, what should I do at each time of the day? Does my skin need the same ingredients and treatment in the morning, with a higher risk of exposure to the sun, than at night? Or do I know what my skin needs to receive first and then which ingredients need to be added on top?

The skin is the outmost layer of protection in the body. This means, whatever you hope to be absorbed by your skin through serums, creams, lotions, etc. will simply not be absorbed if you don’t apply them in the correct order.

So, you may be wondering how to layer products on your skin for maximum effect. Dermatologists usually recommend applying the ingredients with the thinnest consistency first. Also, whatever ingredient that you need to penetrate your skin, such as collagen or antioxidants found in serums, needs to be used first. Then you should add products with thicker consistency or those which need to stand on the top layer, such as the emollients in the moisturizers.

Clearly, daytime and nighttime skincare regimens vary, and for a good reason. Let’s have a look at what steps are generally taken, without considering the oily and dry skin type differences.

We suggest you read this article as well: 3 steps Skin Care routine for Men in 2020

Chapter 2

Daytime skincare routine

During the day, the skin is exposed to the UV rays of the sun. This indicates that the morning routine should be all about protection.

1-     Clean

Cleaning should be the first step to take in the morning. Pick a gentle non-soap cleanser. If you wash your skin thoroughly at night, you don’t need to use a toner in the morning.

2-     Use serums and antioxidants

Serums are rich in essential nutrients for your skin. For the best effect, they need to be applied over freshly cleaned skin.

Different kinds of serums are available out there, but according to dermatologists, antioxidant serums work best in the morning. Antioxidant is the factor responsible for the rejuvenation of the skin, by inducing collagen production. Most importantly, it helps to reduce the inflammatory response of the skin to the UV rays of the sun. So, by applying antioxidant serums you will both insert a growth factor in your skin, and give it an extra hand to stop the negative effect of the sun.

3-     Apply eye cream

Dr. Annie Chiu, a board-certified dermatologist, advises using eye creams at least twice a day for 20-somethings. The area under and around the eyes is very delicate and it loses “laxity and smooth appearance” gradually.

In order to keep the skin firm and healthy, Dr. Chiu also suggests applying eye creams with SPF, so as to avoid the damage caused by sunlight. It is also better to use sunglasses because we tend to squint our eyes when exposed to the sun and allow lines to appear around them. By regularly using eye creams, you can ensure the elasticity, firmness, and collagen production in the area around the eyes.

4-     Treat acne

After cleaning your face, applying a serum, and taking care of the area around the eyes, it is time for acne treatment. In case you have active acne, you can spot-treat that using a variety of serums and natural products. Please remember that active

ingredients in serums may vary. It is important for you to recognize the type of acne on your face, and choose the serums with the best active ingredients.

We have a complete guide about 13 Powerful Home Remedies for Acne in 2020. In summary:

  • There are 2 kinds of inflammatory and non-inflammatory acne.
  • Non-inflammatory acne, such as blackheads and whiteheads, are less aggressive and easier to be treated. The inflammatory acne, including pustules, papules, nodules, and cysts, are usually treated at a clinic, especially if they are formed in the deeper layers of the skin.
  • You need to clean your skin with proper cleansers and toners, exfoliate, spot treat, moisturize, have a healthy diet, use supplements, avoid the sun, steam your skin, or use acne kits.
  • You need to be careful about the active ingredients used in acne kits. As such, first, you need to identify the type of your acne, then choose the appropriate product. However, benzoyl peroxide is the most effective product in case you are not sure what to use.

In the morning, you can use tea tree oil for spot treating your acne. But if you prefer a product, then you can choose one with moderate contents of benzoyl peroxide. Be careful to only use it in the affected area, otherwise, your skin will dry out very quickly.

You should also remember that it takes almost 1 to 3 hours for such products to take effect. It is better to let the treatment complete before adding another ingredient, as it would hinder the treatment. Or you can skip the next steps for the affected areas.

We suggest you read this article as well: The Beginner’s Guide to Facial Masks

5-     Moisturize

Can you imagine what our skin goes through when it is constantly exposed to the sun, pollution, and dust? Moisturizing and hydrating the skin are absolutely necessary for healthy skin, even if you have oily skin.

According to dermatologists, the best time to apply moisturizers is when your skin is still a little damp. Therefore, you can quickly complete the steps from cleaning to moisturizing so that there is enough moisture locked in your skin.

Make sure to use the best moisturizers for your skin type. You can also use natural as well as facials.

6-     Use sunscreen

Dermatologists swear by sunscreen because one of the factors wreaking havoc on your skin is the sun. Dr. Rogers is one of the dermatologists who believes you can’t get out of your house without applying sunscreen at least a while before going out.

For sunscreen to be effective, it needs to be absorbed by your skin. While using oily sunscreen is not advised, but it is better to use sunscreens with hydrating benefits.

Chapter 3

Nighttime skincare routine

At night, the skin starts repairing. Therefore, your nighttime skin care should boost the healing and let the skin have access to all it needs.

1-     Clean

Clean skin is the highway to skin beauty. You need to wash your face with appropriate products every night, otherwise, you will end up with oily skin, clogged pores, and acne.

In case you use makeup, first remove it with an oil-based cleanser, then use your daily facewash gel or foam to wash your face.

After this, you need to deep clean your face using a toner and scrub. Toners not only balance the pH of your skin, but they also open up the clogged pores. In the meantime, scrubs help remove dead skin cells, debris, and excess oil from the skin.

Note: Using a scrub every day is not absolutely necessary. You can use it if you don’t have your face wash. You can also set a schedule to use it twice a week for more deep cleaning.

2-     Use skin health boosters

A clean face is ready to absorb nutrients and solutions that can help to boost its growth, treatment, and repair.

You can use lightweight serums, essence, beauty waters, and mists that can hydrate and nourish the skin. If you use different types of boosters, make sure to apply the thin ones first, then layer the ones with a thicker consistency on top.

3-     Use eye creams

Besides keeping the area around your eyes elastic and firm, eye creams also help to blunt the dark circles around the eyes and prevent small lines called craw’s feet. It’s important to apply eye cream at night, after washing your skin.

4-     Have your evening treatment

Based on what your skin needs, you can use treatments in the evening. Please note that it is not absolutely necessary to use the treatment every night. In fact, excessive treatment may cause irritation and even worsen the previously existing situation. You may or may not follow this step, and may or may not choose to follow it every day.

Anti-aging serums, exfoliative treatments, prescription meds, and retinol creams are the best treatments to have at night. It is important to remember that you shouldn’t use all treatments together, neither should you exfoliate your skin more than 3 times a week.

5-     Moisturize

Moisturizing and keeping your skin hydrated are necessary steps all the time. You can use hydrating or moisturizing face masks to help your skin with hydration, or moisturizers. Moisturizers used at night, also called night creams, are thicker, heavier, and need more time to be absorbed by the skin. So, it is better to use a special moisturizing cream for the night.

Applying a moisturizer is the last step for a nighttime skincare routine, according to Dr. Rogers. It creates a protective layer that prevents water evaporation from your skin.

We suggest you read this article as well: How to treat hyperpigmentation

3 forbidden habits in skincare routine

In general, before categorizing the types of facial skin types, we need to address a few general points to take care of different skin types. It does not matter if the skin on your face is oily, dry, or in combination, in any case, the items listed here are among the prohibitions for skincare, add enough attention to nutrition and adequate sleep.

  • Do Not Smoke: Smoking causes dullness and lackluster complexion and is one of the causes of excessive dryness. On the other hand, prolonged smoking causes wrinkles and thinning of your facial skin
  • Do Not Sleep with Makeup: The skin needs to breathe and the presence of several layers of creams and cream powders on the face prevents it from breathing
  • Minimize Fried Foods Consumption: If we want to be realistic, we must say that in order to have good skin, we must draw a red line around fried foods, especially fast food. But with today’s fast-paced lives, and given the time many people spend outside the home, our friendly advice is to minimize the use of ingredients cooked in reusable oils

Chapter 4

Skincare routine for any skin types

If our skin had the ability to take care of itself to always have flawless, healthy and beautiful skin, we would no longer have any concerns and worries about appearing wrinkles, blemishes and …! Unfortunately, there is no such special feature for our skin, and it is necessary for all people with any skin type to learn the best and most appropriate ways to care for their skin. For which skincare routine comes in handy for us. In this article, we have introduced various skincare routines for any skin types. Skin routines such as:

  • Skincare routine for oily skin
  • Skincare routine for sensitive skin
  • Skincare routine for dry skin
  • Skincare routine for acne
  • Skincare routine for 30-40 years
  • Skincare routine for 40-50 years
  • Skincare routine for vegans
  • Skincare routine for pregnant
  • Skincare routine for someone with hyperpigmentation

Skincare routine for oily skin

So far, we have only provided general information about skincare. But what about your specific skin? What should you do if you have oily skin?

Oily skin has large pores, feels greasy, and doesn’t feel smooth when you touch it. A successful routine for oily skin will control the amount of oil produced by oil glands in the skin and contribute to healthy skin.

A skincare routine for oily skin types is almost the same as what we have already said. There are only some details you need to know.

1- Cleaning in the morning and at night is even more essential for oily skin types. Gently wash your face with a water-based cleanser in order to remove the dirt and particles blocking your skin pores.

Best formula: According to Dr. Sandra Lee, an ideal cleanser for oily skins, contains salicylic acid, tea tree oil, and glycolic acid among other ingredients.

2- Regular exfoliation of 2 to 3 times a week will improve the appearance of oily skin. As clogged pores are more common to this skin type, you can choose chemical or physical exfoliants. These will improve the skin texture and the dark spots while giving a fresh look to your skin.

Best formula: Glycolic acid and tea tree oil are ideal exfoliants as well. In addition to this, you can also use alpha and beta acids as well.

3- Even with a cleanser and exfoliant, you shouldn’t skip toners. Toners are essential for not only cleaning your pores but also for preparing your skin to absorb the treatments you are going to use in the next steps. A suitable toner keeps your skin moisture, rather than drying it, and shrinks your skin pores.

Best formula: For oily skin, a toner needs to contain lactic acid, glycolic acid, and salicylic acid.

4- There are all sorts of treatments for all kinds of issues that may occur to your skin. All you need to do is to make sure to choose more lightweight products that can be absorbed easily.

Best formula: Depending on the kind of problem you like to ward off, you can use different ingredients. If there are any signs of acne breakouts, you can use serums with benzoyl

Peroxide or sulfur. Also, serums or essences containing retinol are very effective in cleaning and rejuvenating your skin.

5- Moisturizing is a must, even for oily skin types. It will help to lock moisture and all the treatments used in the previous steps in your skin. However, not any moisturizer is suitable for oily skin. You’d better go with water-based emulsion or gel-like moisturizers.

Best formula: Moisturizers for oily skin should not be as light as possible. Silicon-free and oil-free products containing glycerin, hyaluronic acid, and humectants are suitable for maintaining water in your skin, without causing further clogging in your skin pores. Moisturizers used for night can also contain retinol.

6- Even a moisturizer cannot exclude the importance of eye cream. Apply eye creams at least twice a day, to protect the delicate skin under and around your eyes.

7- Use sunscreen no matter what.

Best formula: Your sunscreen shouldn’t interfere with your moisturizer. Pick an oil-free sunscreen, containing zinc oxide or titanium oxide. Make sure your sunscreen is at least SPF 30, so it can effectively shield the UV rays of the sun.

Skincare routine for sensitive skin

Sensitive skin is not easily recognizable. You may have seen many people say that our skin is sensitive to any care or cosmetic product, even in quality brands or home masks. The first thing we need to tell these friends is that their skin may not be sensitive. Rather, it is only because they do not use the right skincare routine for their skin.

The skin of all of us is sensitive to certain objects or substances. But some people’s skin is more sensitive than other’s. The skin of such people is usually irritated very quickly and suffers from redness, inflammation, tiny bumps, and so on.

If you also experience redness and inflammation after each use of skin products or after washing your face, you may have sensitive skin. Because sensitive skin can be dry, oily, or combination, it is important to follow a proper skincare routine to maintain its beauty, health, and balance. But how can we have a skincare routine for our sensitive skin?

What is the best skincare routine for sensitive skin?

Before we get into the skincare routine, you should know that sensitive skin can not use any type of cosmetic product; because poor-quality products irritate sensitive skin. Products that contain dyes, fragrances, strong acids, parabens, and alcohol can cause redness and inflammation. As a result, we recommend that you always look at the ingredients closely before buying skin products and make sure that they do not contain irritants such as fragrance and alcohol.

Cleanser and face wash are in the first step

Every skincare routine should start with cleansing and washing facial skin. Always keep in mind that even if you buy the best and most expensive skin products – if your skin is not washed – these products can not enter the pores of the skin and have the necessary effectiveness. So, not paying attention to cleansing and washing your face is equal to wasting your money, energy, and time.

In the first stage of the skincare routine for sensitive skin, you need to remove makeup, sunscreen, oil, and any dirt from your skin. To do this, you can use mild cleansing oils or micellar waters that do not contain irritants. First, pour a few drops of cleansing oil or micellar water on a cotton ball or cosmetic pad and then gently massage on the skin.

Alcohol-free facial toner

Facial toners have many benefits for the skin; these include balancing the skin’s pH level after washing, soothing the skin, occasionally hydrating, and removing cosmetic residue trapped in the pores. Fortunately, people with sensitive skin can also use toner and enjoy its benefits, provided they use toners that are free of alcohol and irritants.

We recommend using quality toners that are designed for sensitive skin and contain anti-inflammatory compounds. To use the toner, it is enough to massage some toner on the skin with a cotton ball after washing the face. Toner does not need to be rinsed.

Serum is a good option for skincare routine for sensitive skin

The use of serum in the skincare routine is completely optional but extremely useful. Quality serums can prevent problems such as wrinkles, blemishes, dryness, and even inflammation. Soothing serums are the best choice for sensitive skin.

In general, serums are composed of concentrated amounts of nutrients. Each type of serum is produced for specific usage. For example, serums can be useful for hydration, preventing clogged skin pores, controlling oil, removing wrinkles, treating sagging, removing blemishes and so on.

If you have sensitive skin, you should go for light and quick-absorbing serums so as not to cause heavy skin. Remember that sensitive skin should be as light as possible. Therefore, you should not use serums that do not be absorbed quickly. In addition, as we have said before, you need to avoid buying any product that contains fragrance, alcohol, parabens and the like.

Moisturizers do the magic for sensitive skin

After applying toner and serum, the skin becomes moisturized. In order for this moisture to penetrate the skin and not evaporate, it is necessary to use a moisturizing cream. Moisturizing cream traps water in the skin; what we call “skin hydration”. As a result, the face will look clear, fresh, and soft.

Remember to use moisturizers that do not contain fragrances, dyes, alcohol, parabens, or oils. Heavy and greasy moisturizers suffocate the skin and make it inflamed. Preferably look for creams that are specifically designed for sensitive skin.

In the morning skincare routine for sensitive skin, it is necessary to use a suitable sunscreen after moisturizing facial skin. People of all ages, genders, and skin types should use sunscreen every day. Not only can sunscreen prevent skin cancer, but it also prevents skin damage and reduce skin’s sensitivity by blocking the sun’s ultraviolet rays. If you do a sensitive skincare routine at night, you can use eye cream instead of sunscreen.

Great tips if you have sensitive skin

Do you have a problem with your sensitive skin? Sensitive skin is commonly inherited and can respond to a variety of factors, including hormone imbalances, poor nutrition, weather changes, and specific chemicals or substances. To keep your sensitive skin calm and clear, stick to a regular skincare routine. To help your skin behave, we have compiled some ideas on how to ease your symptoms as well as a skincare routine for sensitive skin.

Say NO to long and hot showers

It’s time to take shorter, lukewarm showers instead of long, hot ones. Why? Heat exposure, which tears down the skin’s lipid barrier, has a detrimental effect on sensitive skin. Consider it as butter on a knife. The fat on the knife does not dissolve when submerged in cold water. Those lipids will melt away if you put it in warm water. The lipid layer in our skin suffers from the same problem. When you put your skin in hot water or use strong cleansers, the exterior protective fatty layer is washed away.

We suggest you read this article as well: 10 Ingredients to Avoid in Health and Beauty Products

Avoid everything that bothers you

Being aware of the environmental and lifestyle factors that cause your skin to respond is one of the greatest strategies to manage your sensitive skin symptoms. The more you know, the better you will be able to see them (symptoms) and take precautions. Triggers vary from person to person; however, they frequently involve the following:

  • Dehydration
  • Stress
  • Lack of sleep
  • Seasonal changes
  • Pollution

Get rid of all of your harsh skincare products

Chemicals and artificial aromas that are harsh for sensitive skin are two of the most common causes of lipid barrier degradation. According to Women’s Health Magazine, look for skincare products that are devoid of fragrances and paraben preservatives, two major sources of irritation and flare-ups. Choose natural skincare products that are free of parabens, sodium lauryl sulphates, synthetic colours, petrochemicals, and phthalates.

Choose soothing ingredients instead

Additionally, look for items with soothing components. It’s vital to use natural ingredients wherever feasible, regardless of your skin type, but it’s double important for sensitive skin. Natural components like coconut oil, aloe vera, chamomile, vitamin E, and shea butter can be found in these hypoallergenic, mild, or gentle products.

Ingredients should be picked for their anti-inflammatory effects as well as their capacity to improve the lipid barrier of your skin. They are as follows:

  • Coconut oil
  • Shea butter
  • Aloe Vera
  • Hyaluronic acid
  • Vitamin E
  • Olive oil
  • Sunflower seed oil
  • Chamomile

Do not neglect a test run

We have all been there after a shopping spree for skincare; trying all of the new items at once is something almost everyone has done at some point. However, this might cause an unpleasant response, especially in people with sensitive skin. Instead, always try new products on a patch before incorporating them into your beauty routine.

According to Women’s Health Magazine; before applying, do a test run on a tiny, inconspicuous piece of skin (such as behind your ear). Check for irritation, redness, or other skin freak-outs for at least 24 hours. Repeat the test on a patch near to your eye if your skin is hypersensitive. Is everything clear now? You are free to apply as much as you want.

Moisturize your skin everytime you find!

Moisturizing – both day and night – is one of the most effective methods to maintain a healthy lipid barrier. A good moisturizer will restore the skin’s outer layer and minimize water loss, preventing possible irritating penetration. We recommend searching for components high in fatty acids (like shea butter, jojoba oil, and coconut oil) as well as humectants (like hyaluronic acid) that act to enhance hydration and seal in moisture when choosing a moisturizer.

Wear sunscreen even at the darkest night of winter

Sensitive skin is more sensitive to the sun’s rays; thus, UV protection is essential. People with sensitive skin might have a hard time finding sunscreens, since most are created with chemical UV blockers that can cause stinging, burning, irritations, and redness when applied to the skin. To protect your skin from harmful UV radiation, we recommend using a mineral sunscreen with physical blockers like zinc oxide and titanium dioxide.

Make your skincare routine simple as much as possible

An excess of cosmetics may quickly overwhelm sensitive skin. Doctors always advise patients with sensitive skin to keep their skincare routine as simple as possible. Use mild cleansers and moisturizers that are free of detergents and fragrances to go back to the fundamentals. Then, one by one, introduce the other agents. Before introducing any new items to your routine, always do a patch test.

Skincare routine for dry skin

Dry skin is usually dehydrated, has flakes, and can even get scales. Dermatologists suggest the almost same routine for dry skin: Cleaning, protecting, and moisturizing the skin in the morning, cleaning, exfoliating, and treating it at night.

1- You need to clean your face with a product that hydrates rather than drying your skin.

Best formula: Dry skin types need to be cleaned with hyaluronic acid, ceramides, and niacinamide if your skin suffers from inflammation.

2- Exfoliation is the never to be skipped step in a skincare routine, even if you have dry skin. Try exfoliating once or twice a week only, as more frequent exfoliation might have adverse results.

Best formula: Dry skin is more sensitive and prone to irritation. Therefore, the ingredients in your exfoliant should not bother you much. Avoid products with alcoholic contents, as it further dehydrates your skin. Products with glycolic acid are powerful exfoliants, but they might cause irritation. In this case, try products with lactic acid. You may also like to take note that your exfoliant contains coconut oil, ceramides, or shea butter.

3- Toners are not to be skipped for cleaning up the pores. You just have to be careful not to let your toner dry your skin.

Best formula: Toners for dry skin should not have alcohol, but contain hyaluronic acid.

4- Use serums in order to further nourish your skin, treat fine lines, or brighten up your skin.

Best formula: depending on the issue to be addressed the active ingredients you need to take with your serum may vary.

Generally speaking, you can focus on serums containing Vitamin C to induce the production of antioxidants in the morning. At night, you can use retinol, also known as Vitamin A.

5- A dehydrated skin needs moisturizing the most. You need to make sure to have your skin hydrated both in the morning and at night. Moisturizing products include creams, lotions, serums, and sheet masks.

Best formula: According to Dr. Farber, thick moisturizers are suitable for dry skins. You can choose oil-free, non-comedogenic moisturizers with glycerin, ceramides, and dimethicone. For your day cream, you can choose a product with SPF. And as for your night cream, you can rely on ingredients that are similar to the natural lipids found in your body. These include jojoba oil, sweet almond oil, etc.

6- Make sure to use an eye cream at least twice a day. Your eye cream should further protect your skin, make it firmer and smooth.

7- In the morning, you definitely need to use sunscreen.

Best formula: Your sunscreen should be at least SPF 30. Try to choose an oil-free and serum-like formula that won’t feel heavy on your skin. If you pick a product with moisturizing and restoring factors such as peptides and ceramides you will both eliminate the need for a moisturizer and help reduce wrinkles. On the contrary, you would like to avoid products containing alcohol or fragrance, as they tend to further dehydrate the skin and cause irritation.

Skincare routine for acne

To keep acne-prone skin clean, most dermatologists recommend a thorough acne treatment routine. A daily skincare routine for acne-prone skin can minimize the appearance of acne and help reduce the side effects of starting and stopping medications.

Choosing the right products and following the proper acne skincare routine can not only be effective in treating acne, but can also protect the skin from the sun’s rays, and other problems such as dryness, acne scars and other skin problems.

The first step in the daily skincare routine for acne-prone skin is to use gentle and effective products that contain ingredients that have been proven to keep the skin clean, healthy and moisturized. Acne can cause other skin problems than pimples. In addition, strong acne treatment products can cause redness and flaking of the skin. While a strong product may help clear up acne blemishes, the resulting irritation may raise a worse question: acne or the side effects of treatment.

Knowing your acne type might be helpful

Doesn’t it seem that acne is a never-ending battle? If you have a lot of pimples on your face, you need to change your skincare routine. You can control your breakouts and reduce the indications of a flare-up with the correct knowledge and advice. Remember that information is power when it comes to acne.

Acne isn’t all made equal. Knowing the different forms of acne and having a plan of action for each puts you well ahead of the curve when it comes to having clear skin.

Type One – Hormonal Acne (Non-Inflammatory)

When a large number of zits form around the jawline and chin appears. Do you get those annoying zits at the same time every month, right before your period? If you answered yes, see-sawing hormones are to blame for your acne. Hormones might cause your oil production to go into overdrive. The chances of an excess of oil collecting in your pores and producing zits are greater if you do this.

Type Two – Whiteheads

Whiteheads are a clump of dead skin cells and sebum encased in a small, white packet. You may safely attribute them to your blocked pores. When your skin cells clump together and obstruct the pore’s entrance, whiteheads develop. Because of the white on top, which is the blocked pore, it’s termed a whitehead. Whiteheads are more common in those with oily skin. When oil comes into contact with germs and dirt, it produces inflammation, which leads to a large, red lump (pimple).

Type Three – Papules

Papule is the medical term for any tiny, raised bump on the skin. In terms of acne, they’re actually bacterial-induced inflammatory acne. Inflammation occurs when bacteria on your skin develops, resulting in red, painful acne pimples. These pimples can be quite uncomfortable.

Type Four – Pustules

While they resemble whiteheads in appearance, they are larger and more inflammatory. It’s a zit that’s come to a head, producing a pus-filled bubble on top. This is a zit produced by bacteria, not a whitehead, which is a blocked hair follicle.

Type Five – Cystic Acne

If your pimples are large, red, and painful, you most likely have cystic acne. It’s one of the most serious kinds, and it’s usually caused by hormones or genetics. They’re usually worse than other forms of acne because they’re deeper in the skin, and the clogged pores create infection, making them uncomfortable and hard to cure.

Keep the area clean, apply chemical exfoliators, and battle the infection as best you can to keep it under control. It’s advisable to seek the advice of a dermatologist who can guide you through the process.

Type Six – Blackheads

Blackheads, like whiteheads, are formed by clogged pores caused by a buildup of bacteria, skin cells, and sebum. Because blackheads have a wider hole, air may enter and oxidize the oil that resides inside the pore, making it darker and therefore the name.

Type Seven – Blind Pimples

Blind pimples, as the name implies, are not visible to the naked eye, but they may be felt. This type of pimple is hidden beneath the skin, like a little balloon with nowhere to go. As the pressure builds, it becomes uncomfortable or sensitive to touch. Squeezing or picking them will only make things worse. They generally go away on their own within a few days.

Right methods for the daily skincare routine for acne-prone skin

Skincare should be done regularly and it is better to do it twice in the morning. To do your daily skincare routine for acne-prone skin, do the following:

Wash your face with products designed for acne-prone skin

The most important and effective daily routine to help heal the skin and eliminate excess fat on the skin is washing it. Proper skin cleansing can remove oil and grease from your skin, as well as remove impurities or dirt that may cause acne on your skin over time. After washing, your skin becomes clear and ready for daily skincare routine. Proper washing means using a suitable detergent for this purpose.

The best and most effective cleanser for this type of skin is soap and water. Be sure to use soap for acne-prone or oily skin. This does not mean that the soap dries your skin, so make sure that the soap does not dehydrate your skin. For example, antibacterial soaps are not a good option for routine use for acne, as they usually leave your skin rough and dry and give your skin a hydrated look, which is not good at all. So, if you want to help improve your acne, first wash your skin properly.

To cleanse your skin, you don’t need to use an acne-fighting face wash. Acne cleansers are typically drying and abrasive, making your skin more vulnerable to outbreaks rather than curing it. You won’t be able to get rid of zits by sloughing off layers of skin. With the aid of a sulfate-free, light cleanser that dissolves germs, grime, and excess oil without damaging your skin or causing irritation, you must conduct a very soft war.

Apply toner

Applying a toner to open up your pores is the next step after cleansing. Toners prepare the skin for the following phase by allowing the ingredients to absorb completely. Toners may also help in removing excess oil, blemishes, and blackheads, as well as hydrating your skin. Using a cotton ball, apply a few drops of toner.

Apply to your face and neck in a gentle manner. Because astringents are meant to eliminate excess oil, they’re ideal for oily acne-prone skin. Incorporate a moisturizing toner into your face care routine if you have dry acne-prone skin. For sensitive acne-prone skin, using alcohol-free products in your skin care routine is the best option.

Never forget applying a suitable moisturizer

Happy skin is hydrated skin, and a moisturizer aids in the restoration, hydration, and protection of your skin. Moisturizing already greasy skin may seem contradictory. On the contrary, every skin type, even acne-prone skin, requires regular hydration. This is an important stage that should not be overlooked.

In the absence of a moisturizer, the glands go into overdrive to compensate, resulting in blocked pores and excessively glossy skin. Your skin is yearning for hydration after acne treatment. Dry and peeling skin can be reduced by using a mild moisturizer twice a day, once in the morning and once at night. No, you don’t need a separate night cream, before you ask.

All of the components you require will be found in your morning moisturizer. Mixing and matching too many active chemicals might make goods ineffective or, worse, cause significant irritation if the substances don’t work well together.

Use exfoliating scrub

The second step in your acne-prone skincare routine is to use scrubs for your skin type. Exfoliating scrubs can remove dead cells from your skin and give your skin a fresh and delicate look. One of the proper scrubs, which is designed for oily and acne-prone skin, is the one that contains small particles of the walnut shell, and in addition to deep cleansing the skin, it also softens your skin.

Use non-greasy sunscreen

In the final stage of caring for oily and acne-prone skin, you should protect your skin from the harmful rays of the sun, this can be done by using sunscreen to prevent wrinkles, brown spots and skin cancer.

Using a standard sunscreen for acne-prone skin can prevent the production of excess oil on the skin and also prevent more pimples on your skin. These creams cover the open pores of your skin and partially heal these open pores. Note that the use of sunscreen is not limited to summer and you should use sunscreen even on rainy and snowy days, to always have clear and healthy skin.

Regardless of your skin type, using SPF every day is a must. While this step is optional at night, it is required during the day. Sunscreen and acne-prone skin types haven’t always gotten along. Many individuals avoid wearing sunscreen because it clogs their pores and creates additional outbreaks. Please rethink if this is one of the reasons you avoid this product. Because many acne treatments render your skin sensitive to sun damage, sunscreen should be an important component of your acne skin care routine.

You’re also more likely to show indications of premature aging, skin damage, and the development of skin malignancies, among other things.

Sunscreen has gone a long way from the sticky, heavy substance. There is a plethora of light-weight choices to choose from, but you don’t need an extra SPF product if your moisturizer already has one. If your moisturizer doesn’t have SPF, you should use a different product.

Treatment products (Only at Night)

The powerhouse of any skincare routine is treatment products made with active ingredients, and this is where the magic happens. To hasten the demise of your acne, combine your night skincare routine for acne-prone skin with specialized acne medicine, such as spot treatments. Acne treatments contain active chemicals that help to decrease pimples and scarring.

Remember that when it comes to acne, less is more. Using too many topical treatments may dry and irritate your skin. Acne is also not a condition that will clear up overnight. It’s a lengthy procedure that needs a lot of patience. Allow enough time for your skin to acclimate to the acne-prone skin care routine before seeing benefits. If you’re unsure, arrange an appointment with your dermatologist, who will be able to assist you figure out what your skin requires. You must use a product for at least six weeks and once or twice daily to observe a change.

Acne-prone Skincare Methods

If your doctor has diagnosed you with acne-prone skin, use the following tips to protect your skin better:

  • Try to use cleansers that are anti-acne and contain benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid, these cleansers help cleanse your skin deeply
  • Always wash your skin slowly and gently, as damaging acne can have worse side effects
  • Never pop pimples on your skin. If you do this, your skin will get sore and the scar will heal but it takes more time
  • Using hydrating products can greatly help improve your skin
  • Women should use oil-free cosmetics to prevent pimples. Too heavy cosmetics can clog your pores

Chapter 5

Skincare routine for 30-40 years

Turning thirty marks the beginning of a new era in human life. You are at the peak of attractiveness and beauty at the age of 30, as long as you know your value and take proper care of your body and skin. Facial skincare routine, especially after the age of 30, should be given more attention. Knowing the most important skincare tips for people over the age of 30 will make this task easier and you will be better able to update your care routine for the new decade of your life.

After the age of 30, new cell production, collagen production and sebum secretion slow down. You should wait for the first signs of skin aging; ie wrinkles around the eyes, on the forehead, around the lips and brown spots caused by sun damage, and so on. Symptoms of skin aging after the age of 30 vary depending on health, genetics, and exposure to sunlight. Of course, this does not mean that you are old and you need a great skincare routine. This process starts at the age of 25, but its symptoms show after the age of 30. This period is the best possible time to prevent skin aging.

Sunscreens and moisturizers remain a priority for skincare for 30-40 years

Usually after the age of 30, due to hormonal changes, the amount of sebum secretion in the skin decreases, and as a result, the skin is more prone to dryness, and this drying causes wrinkles in different parts of your skin and face.

To prevent this problem, you should utilize skincare routine for 30-40 years which using moisturizing and hydrating creams is the first step. In addition to moisturizing the skin, it should retain moisture on the face for several hours then you should perform the task of hydrating. Massage the moisturizer to the face and neck. For many people, using a moisturizer at the beginning of their thirties alone is enough and there is no need for all kinds of anti-wrinkle and strengthening creams, etc. But gradually, especially after the age of thirty-five, it is better to use anti-wrinkle creams suitable for your age.

Sunscreen is one of the essentials of this skincare routine. Use moisturizing creams containing antioxidants, because it is the best weapon to counteract the effects of free radicals. Free radicals are molecules that are produced by ultraviolet rays and damage the skin’s collagen. As a result, the use of sunscreens containing antioxidants is effective in preventing serious sun damage and the appearance of wrinkles. You can also use skin serums containing antioxidants because they are better absorbed into the skin than creams. Be sure to apply your moisturizing and sunscreen cream on your neck as well.

Take more care of your skin around your eyes

Do not neglect the skincare routine for the skin around your eyes. The skin around the eyes is sensitive and vulnerable, so it needs more care in the aging process. At this age (30-40), it is better to go for eye creams that, in addition to their moisturizing properties, also have anti-wrinkle, anti-puffiness, and anti-fatigue properties for your eyes.

After the age of thirty, the first wrinkles appear around the eyes, because this area has a thinner skin and is constantly moving. Apply moisturizing cream to this area twice a day. Choosing the right anti-wrinkle cream is necessary to prevent the appearance and deepening of wrinkles on the skin. Use fruit oil nourishing products. Fruits are a good source of antioxidants and vitamin C.

Exfoliating the skin must be in skincare routine for your 30s

Gentle exfoliation, once or twice a week can stimulate new skin cell production. To compensate for sun damage, dark spots on the skin, and wrinkles, dermatologists usually prescribe retinoid creams and alpha-hydroxy acids creams such as glycolic acid, which revitalize and smooth skin cells.

Retinoids and AHAs make the skin vulnerable to sunlight, so sunscreen will be necessary. Be sure to consult a dermatologist for any physical or chemical exfoliation. After the age of 30, the rate of skin cell regeneration decreases, and the shedding of dead cells also decreases. As a result, the skin is prone to dullness and flaking, but the use of products that contain vitamin C, retinol, and glycolic acid will prevent this disaster!

All experts recommend the use of retinol, especially after the age of 30. Retinol is a form of vitamin A that improves collagen production, rejuvenates the skin, and removes blemishes and pimples. Vitamin C is an antioxidant that has a brightening effect and prevents blackheads, eliminates wrinkles, and evens out the skin.

When buying day and night creams for your skincare routine, make sure that these creams contain: retinol, vitamin C, and other essential factors to protect and repair the skin.

Your skincare routine in your 40s

It is no secret that when you hit 40, the skin develops a whole different set of concerns. Hopefully, by this age, you’ve conquered the breakouts that may have plagued your 20s and 30s (although some women continue to experience acne beyond that, experts say), but now you’re probably noticing deeper-set lines, dark spots, and a general loss of plumpness.

New York City dermatologist Dendy Engelman, MD, tells Health that skin begins to lose about 10% of its collagen once we turn 30—which means that by 40, complexions can be dull-looking and uneven. “Wrinkles may be more predominant,” she adds, “and because of hormonal changes, dryness and discoloration can become an issue.”

Another concern? Skin that’s 40-plus doesn’t bounce back as easily as it once did. “In our 40s, our skin’s turnover rate has slowed down,” says Debra Jaliman, MD, a New York City dermatologist and author of Skin Rules. “It takes longer to heal.”

As a result, you may find yourself grappling with aftereffects of years spent in the sun, such as hyperpigmentation and fine lines. “We have most likely spent plenty of time in the sun [by 40], which has broken down our collagen levels faster than we can replace them,” says Dr. Jaliman.

When you enter your late 30s and early 40s, skincare starts to take on a bit more importance, even if it was something you always valued. While some women start to be concerned or uncomfortable with the idea of visibly aging, for others, developing and sticking to a healthy skincare routine in your 40s is more about aging as gracefully as you possibly can and keeping your body’s largest organ as healthy as possible, rather than trying to stubbornly prevent aging entirely.

There are many things you can do beginning in your 40s (or even earlier in some cases) to keep your skin healthy for the rest of your life. If you’re looking for more ideas about how to take care of your skin during your 40s, here’s what you need to know.

Skincare routine in your 40s

Establishing a skincare routine that works for you is especially important in your 40s, experts say. “Consistency with your regimen is key,” says Anna Guanche, MD, a dermatologist and celebrity beauty expert based in Calabasas, California. “Great skin takes discipline.”

In the morning, gently cleanse before putting on moisturizer and sunscreen (wearing it every day is crucial, Dr. Guanche stresses). As you apply your products, start using the thinnest first (such as an essence), then work your way up to heavier formulas. In general, you may want to incorporate products that deliver more moisture at this age, experts add.

Proven anti-agers like retinol, antioxidants such as vitamin C, and gentle exfoliators can help keep 40-plus skin healthy and hydrated. As for ingredients you can scale back on? “If you’re not really suffering from acne anymore, you can stop using harsh astringent toners and salicylic acid,” says Dr. Guanche.

Boost collagen and elastin production

While the skin on your face likely looks full and plump rather than thin and sunken, as it can while you’re aging, in your 40s your body’s production of elastin and collagen starts to slow. “Therefore, we need to boost collagen and elastin production with peptides as well as antioxidants that can increase collagen production, which gives our skin that supple tone,” Dr. Marnie Nussbaum, a dermatologist, told me.

“Our skin cell turnover dramatically reduces as well, resulting in dullness, dryness as well as fine lines and wrinkles. Retinols are critical to help speed up the process once again and brighten the complexion,” Nussbaum continued. “Due to the extra layers of dead skin cells, we are also less hydrated and losing moisture. Therefore, it may be time, depending on your skin type, to switch over from oil-free products to creamier, thicker humectants and occlusives with ceramides and hyaluronic acids to rehydrate and plump the skin.”

Consciously adding thicker hydrating creams and retinol can help keep your skin looking healthy, dewy, and refreshed, which is what women of all ages want, after all.


To help keep your skin glowing in your 40s, you likely need to exfoliate more regularly than you did in your 20s and 30s because skin cell turnover happens slower than in earlier decades.

“Regular peels and exfoliation products help, Retin-A, peptides, and vitamin C are great in the anti-aging arsenal at this time,” said Celebrity Esthetician Angela Caglia. “It’s also a time when fillers can take back years.” Using scrubs and other exfoliators can help in between professional peels.

We suggest you read this article as well: 10 Ingredients You Need to Include in Your Skincare Routine

Drink lots of water

Drinking plenty of water each and every day is exceptionally important for your overall health. It’s good for your organs, your energy levels, and — you guessed it — your skin. According to Jean Rossolillo, a medical aesthetician and laser technician with Full Circle Health, drinking plenty of water is important because “hydrating internally can help our skin hold on to moisture.” That is important as you get older and your skin does not automatically retain as much moisture as it did in previous decades.

Take care of your neck

When you’re thinking about how to go about developing your skincare routine in your 40s, don’t focus solely on your face at the expense of your neck. “Don’t overlook your neck — do put sunscreen on it every day as well as moisturize it,” said Maricela Lewis Watson, a cosmetic specialist at The Shoreditch Spa.

Apply your nighttime serum, moisturizer, and any other products that you’d apply to your face to your neck as well. If you only take care of the skin on your face, your neck will give away not only your age, but also how much time you spent in the sun in your younger years and any other skincare mistakes you may have made. Don’t neglect your neck.

Sleep well

Sleep is always important for your overall health and wellbeing — mental, physical, and emotional — but it’s even more important in regards to skincare in your 40s. “Even a late night or too much alcohol can show up more on our face in our 40s, so it’s more important to get a full night’s rest, eat well, and exercise to stimulate blood flow and keep our skin glowing,” said Caglia. Make sure you get your full seven to nine hours of sleep. Your skin will thank you. You will wake up feeling more refreshed, but also looking visibly

The Ultimate Skincare Routine for Your 40s:

Step 1. Cleanse

The start of any great skincare regime begins with double cleansing – our fave K-Beauty ritual, where you first cleanse with a cleansing oil, followed by a milk, foam, or water-based cleanser. By cleansing twice, you’ll ensure that all of the dirt, bacteria, and oil is removed from your skin. As your skin is now producing a lot less oil, you can actually cleanse twice with hydrating cleansing oils. Alternatively, Dr. Timm Golueke recommends, “A cleansing balm, as it doesn’t strip your skin of its natural oils.” Just make sure you’re super gentle when you’re cleansing – don’t tug at your skin, instead gently massage the oil into a lather, as this will help stimulate collagen while the soft fluid movements upwards and outwards will help boost lymphatic drainage.

Our go-to products: We need the Deep Cleansing Oil, which is enriched with vitamin E and olive oil, so it’s super hydrating. Another favorite of ours is the Oil, which also has vitamin E, plus vitamin A to boost radiance and fight free radicals that cause premature aging. We then follow the cream to it encourages skin cell renewal, which naturally slows down with age.

Step 2. Tone

In your 40s you want to use a toner that’ll hydrate and rebalance your skin, so look for toners infused with rich moisturizing ingredients like natural botanicals and peptides. Peptides are amazing for aging skin as they’re made up of chains of amino acids that can help with cell renewal and tissue repair.

Step 3. Exfoliate

Exfoliation is an essential step in all skin care regimes, but it’s especially important for mature skin as it helps increase skin renewal. By using a gentle chemical exfoliator twice a week with AHAs like moisturizing lactic acid, you’ll boost cell turnover and your glow. Gentle exfoliation can also help reduce the appearance of sunspots and age spots, which typically occur due to sun exposure and hormonal changes. Like we said exfoliation = essential!

Step 4. Antioxidant serum

If you haven’t already invested in a serum, now is the time. Serums have a lightweight formula with a smaller molecular structure, which means they can penetrate further and repair and hydrate the skin at a much deeper level. Both Dr. Jessica Wu and Timm Goueleke recommend serums containing antioxidants, “Vitamin C and E, which will brighten and improve skin tone, leaving it with a radiant glow.” A peptide and growth factor-based serum is also ideal for mature skin as peptides are made up of amino acids, which help rebuild the skin’s epidermis and also stimulate collagen.

Step 5. Use a brightening agent (daytime)

Dr. Timm Goueleke explains that he often sees “Patients experiencing hyperpigmentation in their 40s,” which is an inconsistency in color, resulting in dark patches and areas of uneven skin tone. To help combat hyperpigmentation, you can use a brightening ingredient, like antioxidant powerhouse vitamin C (check out our guide to treating hyperpigmentation here). We like to use vitamin C in the morning to fight against pollution and protect our skin during the daytime, and then use retinol in the evening.

Step 5. Retinol (Nighttime)

“In your 40s, your skin starts to get thinner from a loss of collagen, which leads to fine lines and smile creases. This is why you need to boost your skin’s natural collagen by using a retinoid. Start with an over-the-counter strength if you’re new to retinol, and work up to a prescription-strength one, as tolerated. Ask your dermatologist about Renova, a prescription-strength retinoid which is also extremely moisturizing,” Dr. Jessica Wu suggests. You should also use retinol on your neck and décolletage as these areas show early signs of aging. You should only use retinol in your nighttime routine, after your toned but before your moisturizer.

Step 6. Eye cream

Your eyes are one of the first places to show signs of aging as the skin around the eye is super delicate, so you should be using an eye cream day and night. Look for a formula that has antioxidants as well as retinol, as these will deliver the best results. Hydrolyzed collagen will also help smooth and strengthen the skin around the eye. Dr. Timm Goueleke advises looking for an eye cream that contains “Vitamin C, green tea, and chamomile as these are great for puffiness and reducing dark circles.”

Step 7. Moisturize

By now you’re probably a moisturizing pro, and you know you need to use it both morning and night. But you also need to make sure that it’s the correct formula, enriched with anti-aging ingredients. Dr. Timm Gouleke says to “Look for niacinamide and hyaluronic acid for brightening and moisturization.”

Step 8. Face oil (Nighttime)

In your 40s your skincare regime is all about hydration and locking in as much moisture as possible. Adding a face oil is a must. Oils are lipophilic, which means they have a smaller molecular structure so they can penetrate further into your dermis, allowing your skin to retain hydration at a much deeper level. They’ll also repair and protect the skin’s barrier while nourishing the skin. Plus, as you’re using a lot of anti-aging ingredients like retinol and AHAs, which can be quite drying, an oil will rebalance hydration levels.

Step 9. Wear sunscreen

As a board-certified physician assistant, Neekan Rivera works with patients on developing a skincare routine. She said her first goal is to make sure that they consistently apply sunscreen every day before moving on to other goals.

“The better we are with sunblock, the more our skin will just improve over time,” Rivera said. “Even though we can’t reverse the sunspots that are showing from ten or 20 years ago, at least we can protect it from getting worse over the next five, ten years.” Sunscreen is important for prevention, but it’s also important when it comes to minimizing sunspots and changing pigmentation and sensitivity associated with the use of retinol.

said Rivera. “So, I always make sure women understand that sunblock is key because otherwise, everything else we want to do to continue maintaining our skin and keep it looking youthful and healthy will make you sensitive.”

Step 10. Sleeping mask (nighttime only)

During the night our skin loses the most moisture, which is why Timm Goueleke recommends “Incorporating a hydrating mask once or twice a week.” More specifically, we’d suggest using a sleeping mask as they create a layer of protection, allowing the active ingredients to penetrate while you get your beauty sleep.

Chapter 6

Treatments you could also consider

Laser: The Isolaz laser is an effective treatment if you’re still facing hormonal breakouts as it can penetrate and cleanse deep into your pores, improving the texture of your skin. Similarly, if you have hyperpigmentation, dark spots, or uneven tone, you could consider the Fraxel 1927 Laser as it can help reduce sun damage, which can also help lower the risk of skin cancer. The fractional CO2 lasers will also help to rejuvenate the skin while radio frequency devices will help tone and tighten the skin.

You may not be interested in getting laser treatments to prevent visible signs of aging or to otherwise take care of your skin as you get older, but Diane Gillin, an advanced registered nurse practitioner at Couture Med Spa recommended that you consider them.

“In your 40s I recommend a one-two punch of IPL and Fractional Skin Resurfacing treatments,” said Gillin. “IPL stands for intense pulsed light therapy and gets rid of anything pigmented on the skin such as sun damage, rosacea, broken capillaries, and melasma. Fractional laser treatments minimize fine lines and wrinkles, enlarged pores, acne scars, and stimulate collagen causing skin tightening. The combination of these laser treatments will take years off your skin and help prevent further aging.”

If those are the kinds of results you’re looking for, you may want to do a little research to see if laser treatments are right for you.

A monthly peel

A monthly peel is a great idea as it’ll encourage skin cell renewal to brighten your skin and gradually fade hyperpigmentation from acne.

Botox: If you’ve always wondered about Botox, be sure to discuss your options with an expert. Botox can be very discreet and can help prevent existing or future lines from deepening.

Fillers: If you’re thinking about fillers, be sure to check out New York’s leading dermatologist, Dr. Doris Day’s guide on how to use fillers and injectables for the most natural look here.

Consider micro-needling

In your 40s, you might need to incorporate some skin rejuvenating procedures into your overall skincare routine. Rivera said she often recommends micro-needling.

“I recommend it for almost everyone because it’s so safe, anyone can do it,” said Rivera. “And what micro-needling does, is it causes these little micro-injuries to our skin which then stimulates our skin repair system and therefore gives us this huge boost of collagen, which, over time… we don’t produce collagen as quickly as we did in our 20s and 30s, so that’s usually what women are complaining of, they’re complaining of collagen-related changes. They are like, ‘you know, my skin is looser, I’m getting some loose skin, I’m getting fine lines and wrinkles.’ So by doing the micro-needling or doing a series or just kind of doing it for maintenance, it just kind of keeps that building over time.”

We suggest you read this article as well: How to treat hyperpigmentation

Finally, stay consistent with your skincare habits

One of the most important things you can do to take care of your skin in your 40s is to consistently employ every piece of your skincare routine. “Good skin care habits should begin in our early 20s to ensure that we will be looking better in our 40s,” Caglia said. “This means regular facials, removing makeup at night, sun protection, and a healthy lifestyle.”

It can be tempting to skip bits and pieces of your skincare routine because you’re busy, tired, or just plain old lazy, but you’ll likely end up regretting it if you do. Stay the course, you’ll be grateful.

Chapter 7

Skincare routine for 40-50 years

One of the biggest desires of women, when they reach the age of 40, is to keep their skin smooth. Although the symptoms of aging are inevitable, many women know that practicing certain habits can delay the aging process and keep their skin young for a longer period of time. We call these certain habits skincare routine for your 40s.

After the age of 40, your body reduces the production of female hormones (estrogen and progesterone). This sudden change causes changes in a woman’s body, including changes in her skin. The secretion of the right amount of these hormones is very important for maintaining the health of muscles and skin, and therefore protecting the skin becomes more difficult for the body by reducing these hormones. As collagen production of the skin is reduced, the skin becomes more vulnerable to ultraviolet rays and toxins.

Fortunately, you can do skincare routines at any age. In the following, we have 8 interesting and effective tips for you to strengthen your skin at a low cost and prevent skin wrinkles when you enter your 40s.

Increase your intake of vitamin C and vitamin E

To combat aging, adding nutritional sources of vitamins C and E to the diet is important for skincare routine after the age of 40. Vitamin C contains antioxidants that minimize the effect of free radicals on tissues and helps build collagen, making the skin strong and supple. Vitamin E, on the other hand, is a natural barrier against toxins and ultraviolet rays, and the right amount of this vitamin improves blood flow and regenerates tissues.

Isoflavones, especially soy, can be a great help in reducing hormonal effects. These plant hormones (phytohormones) hydrate and regenerate the skin epidermis. Isoflavone supplements are even more effective than vitamin E.

Drink plenty of water to prevent skin wrinkles

Drinking water is essential for healthy skin at every stage of life. However, after the age of 40, you should increase your water intake to keep your skin hydrated and fresh.

Put anti-wrinkle creams in your skincare routine

There are many anti-wrinkle lotions and creams on the market. You do not need to choose the most expensive ones. The fact that these creams are more expensive has nothing to do with their effectiveness. You can use anti-wrinkle creams to nourish your skin well.

Use toner for facial freshness

Many people are unaware of the importance of using toner. However, it is one of the most important skincare products. Toner due to its composition restores skin firmness and prevents skin aging.

Daily use of sunscreen to prevent premature aging

The effect of the sun on the skin worsens after the age of 40. Therefore, you should definitely use sunscreen with SPF50, even on winter days.

Exfoliate your skin skin regularly

Exfoliation is a treatment that helps to remove the stratum corneum and open pores of the skin and detoxify the skin to improve the penetration of skincare products.

Basically, exfoliation is one of the best skincare routines that everyone should do. Because exfoliation helps to remove dead skin cells and improve your skin texture and skin color naturally. So, if you have dry skin, you can use a cream-based scrub to properly moisturize your skin. Or if you have oily skin, you can use a gel-based scrub that helps your skin control the secretion of oil (sebum). To exfoliate your skin, you can use exfoliating herbal soaps such as coffee soap and charcoal soap.

Do not forget facial massage

Facial massage improves blood circulation, prevents skin weakening and thus reduces premature wrinkles. If you add facial massage in your skincare routine after the age of 40, you no longer will be worried for your skin health.

Do not forget to use hydrating serum

Hyaluronic acid is one of the most important building blocks of healthy skin, with the capacity to retain 1,000 times its weight in water. Your hyaluronic acid production is now half of what it was when you were 20 years old. So, for an extra boost of hydration, try including a hydrating serum into your skincare routine.

The secret of beauty at the age of 40

You can choose to stay young or grow old, today it is up to you to stay young, and bear in mind that 40 is too early to be old. If you do not know how to stay beautiful and young at the age of 40, we will introduce you to ways to not grow old and stay beautiful.

Age-appropriate face makeup

With every 10 years of your life, you have to make fundamental changes in your makeup style because your skin changes so you have to find the right makeup for your skin. Facial makeup at 40 should be simple because you are no longer a 20-year-old girl. Try to wear makeup in soft colors. Choose a powder cream that does not differ much from your skin color, apply a little mascara and complete your makeup with a gentle lipstick.

Bring night cream in your skincare routine

Night cream has anti-aging properties and regenerates the skin, so it delays the aging process, so do not forget the night cream.

Say goodbye to your pubic hair

Get rid of excess (pubic) hair with waxing methods, as excess hair grows with age, you need to wax pubic hair regularly from time to time to revitalize your youth.

Dye your hair like a Pro

At the age of 40, white hair must be seen among women’s hair. To stay young and beautiful, you must cover white hair, so the best way is to dye your hair. Blonde hair color is not suitable for you. Try to choose a hair color that is close to your own hair color.

Bring anti-wrinkle creams and lotions in your skincare routine

One of the beauty secrets of women in their forties is the use of anti-wrinkle creams. Anti-wrinkle creams nourish your skin well, so choose and use anti-wrinkle lotions and creams available in the market. Note that you do not need to choose the most expensive ones because the more expensive these creams have nothing to do with their effectiveness.

Wear sunscreen all the time

To protect your skin and prevent blackheads, wrinkles and premature aging, use sunscreen with SPF50 every day because the effect of the sun on the skin becomes more visible after the age of 40.

Also use sunscreen on winter days. The amount of this cream should be enough and renewed every few hours. The sun’s rays, even on cloudy and rainy days, damage your skin and cause premature aging.

Toner, toner, and toner

Facial toners are one of the most important products in your skincare routine. The use of toner, because of the ingredients in it, strengthens the skin and prevents skin aging. If you have never used toner, do it for your skin’s sake, facial toner is to rejuvenate your skin.

Chapter 8

Skincare routine for vegans

One of the most commonly used skincare products these days is organic products. The use of plant-based products without testing on animals and because of the numerous benefits to the skin, have found a lot of fans today.

Organic skincare products can also be the best choice for vegetarians and people who care about the environment. Organic skin products often cause the least damage and provide the best results for a person’s skin. To understand organic skincare products, we first explain the meaning of this word.

Contrary to popular belief, organic does not mean natural. Of course, the presence of natural and plant compounds in organic products is one of the main elements but if we look at the exact definition of organic, we find that sometimes even water can be inorganic.

So, organic products are products that are in harmony with the cycle of nature in all stages; from development, boxing, packaging, and finally making available to the market, and no abnormal and chemical elements are used in them. For example, to grow an organic crop – from the seeds of that crop to how it is harvested – it must be done quite naturally. Even the soil in which the crop is grown should be free of toxins and chemical pests for several years.

Organic skincare products

Organic skincare products are made up of completely natural and herbal ingredients. But since the production of these products requires a series of chemical compounds and processes, it can not be claimed that a health or cosmetic product is 100% organic. Organic skincare product means the use of several organic elements in its basic ingredients.

Vegan skincare is transforming the face of conventional beauty, with more ethical customers opting for cruelty-free and vegan options. We have witnessed firsthand the benefits of switching to vegan beauty products and how choosing cruelty-free makes a difference in people’s lives.

Maybe you are not sure what vegan skincare entails. Where can I get cruelty-free goods? Or, to put it another way, where to begin. That’s OK. This vegan skincare guide will take you step by step through all you need to know to begin your vegan beauty journey, even if you are not a real vegan.

What is skincare routine for vegans

There’s never been a better moment to start a vegan skincare routine that benefits you, the environment, and our furry companions. Veganism encompasses all aspects of a happy, conscientious, and healthy lifestyle. Being vegan entails being conscious of not just what you eat, but also what you wear and use on your body.

As a result, vegan skincare is an important part of the vegan lifestyle. However, you don’t have to be vegan to enjoy the advantages of cruelty-free cosmetics. Vegan skincare routine is defined as the use of cosmetics and beauty products that are not produced from animals or animal by-products.

Animal experimentation is another facet of vegan beauty. Animals are frequently used in the testing of beauty goods; however, cruelty-free skincare products are not tested on our fellow inhabitants of the planet Earth. The good news is that vegan beauty is moving from a specialty to a mainstream category. This means that cosmetics and beauty firms are catching on – and creating fantastic beauty products that are better for everyone. The following are some of the most popular vegan skincare products:

  • Cleansers
  • Exfoliators
  • Moisturizers
  • Serums
  • Sunscreens
  • Facial creams

Vegan or Cruelty-free skincare routine

While “vegan” and “cruelty-free” are both excellent terms in the beauty business, they are not interchangeable. A vegan product is not always cruelty-free, and a cruelty-free product is not always vegan. Don’t be concerned.

It’s understandable if you’re perplexed. This is because some items labelled as “vegan” may not include the manufacturing process. While the product does not include any animal products, it is possible that it was tested on animals. Similarly, “cruelty-free” might refer to a product that has not been tested on animals but does include animal-derived ingredients.

Both (Vegan and cruelty-free products) are animal rights activists who, in the near future, will ideally be interchangeable. Meanwhile, double-check that your beauty products are vegan and cruelty-free.

Non-Vegan skincare routine products

It’s never been simpler to get vegan-friendly beauty products, but it still takes some research to ensure you’re choosing the right product. This entails learning about non-vegan substances that frequently appear in skincare and cosmetics. The following are the most frequent non-vegan components used in cosmetics:

  • Animal-derived glycerin
  • Lanonin
  • Carmine
  • Silk powder
  • Beeswax
  • Collagen
  • Gelatin
  • Cholestrol

Perks of having vegan skincare routine, even if you are not a vegan

Vegan skincare is one of the fastest-growing segments of the beauty business for a reason. We can start to see the change we want to see in the world when more people choose healthier, cleaner, and kinder goods. The following are some of the most significant advantages of vegan skincare:

It avoids toxins

The world has seen how beneficial a vegan diet can be, so why shouldn’t the same reasoning apply to vegan skincare routine or any other vegan lifestyle? You are more likely to avoid pollutants, filthy, and hazardous chemicals present in non-vegan beauty products if you use vegan beauty products. Because their clients are more ingredient-conscious, vegan cosmetics and cosmetic businesses aggressively push cleaner goods.

It improves skin quality

Synthetic scent (aroma), parabens, petroleum, and synthetic colourants are just a few of the harsh chemicals found in non-vegan goods that cause mild and significant skin irritations. Worse, these chemicals are frequently utilized as fillers, which means they have no substance or function and irritate your skin while also hurting the environment. When you choose vegan skincare, you are selecting quality for your skin. Later in life, your skin will thank you for it.

You may have benefit from it in long-term

In the long run, sticking to a vegan skincare routine will pay off. This is due to the fact that vegan skincare products are high in minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants, all of which have been shown to nourish skin over time.

It is OK with animals

Choosing vegan cosmetics and beauty products benefits our fellow animals as well. A cruelty-free skincare routine, like a vegan diet, is better for animals since it eliminates the need to utilize animals or their body parts in any way. Animal rights have, thankfully, been on the upswing in recent years. This has led in a huge increase in vegan and cruelty-free alternatives for customers, as well as increased scrutiny of major cosmetic manufacturers’ ingredients and testing procedures.

Consumers may now locate their favourite “holy grail” cosmetic item from a broad assortment of vegan and cruelty-free cosmetics companies simpler than ever before. By purchasing these items mindfully, we are actively reducing the need for products derived from animal experimentation.

It is OK with our planet

Plant-based cosmetic products are also better for the environment. Animal husbandry consumes a lot of energy. It is also one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, including carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide. Vegan beauty products make better use of our resources since they use less fossil fuel energy, land, and water. By eliminating animal products from our cosmetic and skincare routine, we can help to significantly reduce our environmental impact.

Many vegan businesses are also environmentally mindful when it comes to packaging. Products that might otherwise end up in landfills are now recycled to make packaging. Pacifica Beauty, which is frequently included in Vegancuts boxes, even has its own recycling program. In a world when pollution and waste are threatening the ecosystems we rely on, every mindful action counts – for us and future generations.

It’s time to get started with vegan skincare routine

Getting started with vegan skincare opens up a whole new world of possibilities – and a whole lot of goods – whether you’re vegan or just trying to make healthier makeup and cosmetic choices. It’s a fantastic place to start by switching out your favourite cosmetic products with vegan and cruelty-free alternatives.

A vegan skincare routine is similar to any other skincare routine, with the exception that you will want to replace non-vegan items with healthier vegan alternatives. We have put up a vegan skincare routine that you may use on a daily and nightly basis, using 100% vegan and cruelty-free products.

Step One – Facial cleansing

To allow skincare products to penetrate properly, filth and oil that accumulates during the day and night must first be removed. Cleaning your face twice a day is recommended. Once in the morning and once before going to bed. For this, you have a lot of great vegan facial cleansers out there.

Step Two – Toning

After you’ve cleansed your skin, it’s time to tone it. High-quality facial toners will not leave a greasy residue on your skin. They should instead condition your skin to receive essential and renewing substances.

Step Three – Applying serum

Serum is not a toner, but it is also not a moisturizer. Many people avoid serums entirely because they are unsure how to utilize them. Serums, on the other hand, should be an important part of your skincare routine. This is due to serum’s high concentrations of moisturising chemicals, which aid in moisture retention. As a result, serums are most effective when used after washing and before moisturising.

Step Four – Applying eye cream

A specific eye cream should be used aroun the eyes, for they are prone to wrinkles and dark circles. It is possible to do this in the morning, at night, or both.

Step Five – Moisturizing

Consider your whole skincare routine up to this point as a series of layers. After that, moisturising will seal everything in. Moisturizing is an important aspect of any skincare routine, and no matter what your skin type is, there are lots of vegan moisturizers available.

Step Six – Using a face roller

Face rolling offers several advantages, ranging from puffiness reduction to relaxation. The use of a face roller helps increase blood flow to the face, making your skin appear brighter and tighter. Although research is still in its early stages, several studies show that utilizing this instrument may assist clean the sinuses.

By promoting lymphatic drainage, rolling can help reduce puffiness (like those pesky under-eye bags). If you keep your roller in the fridge or use a naturally cold stone like jade, it will chill the skin as soon as it comes into touch with it. This will de-puff your skin and tighten your pores in no time.

Chapter 9

Skincare routine for pregnant

You may already have a cabinet full of cosmetics that keep your skin looking lovely and shining, but your complexion can alter significantly once you get pregnant. Hormone imbalances disturb your skin’s delicate balance, accelerate dryness, make your skin more sensitive, and reduce your skin’s capacity to withstand dirt, wind, and UV radiation.

Most pregnant women know that eating certain foods or vitamins can be dangerous for the fetus, but they may not be aware that certain products that are absorbed through the skin, such as creams and lotions, may also affect the health of the fetus.

Your old, dependable routine is no longer so dependable. Furthermore, you require a skincare routine that is both safe for you and your child. Here are some suggestions for a pregnancy-friendly skincare routine.

Lotions and creams

Women use creams and lotions daily, but they may not be aware that some of the ingredients in these creams and lotions may cross their skin barrier and be absorbed by their bodies. This is especially important when a woman is pregnant. Whatever you eat, use, or come in contact with, in addition to you, may also affect the baby in your womb.

Skincare routine is important during pregnancy, and since the mother’s skin may become sensitive during pregnancy, the use of creams and lotions can help reduce skin problems. However, you need to be more careful about the skin protection you use during pregnancy.

Although most common skincare products are completely harmless to the fetus, some compounds can also be dangerous to the developing fetus. You should read about these ingredients and their effects and pay attention to them when buying skincare products. In any case, it is better to discuss the use of any skincare cream with your doctor before using it.

Some dangerous compounds for you and your child

There are some ingredients that are dangerous for your skin during pregnancy that you should be aware of. Some of these are as follows:

Retinoid and Vitamin A

Retinol is found in some skin creams that are used to stay young and help reduce skin wrinkles. Retinoids are a type of vitamin A that increases cell division, accelerates skin regeneration, and prevents the breakdown of skin collagen.

High doses of vitamin A or retinoids during pregnancy are harmful to the fetus, although it can not be said with certainty that topical use of these substances and their absorption through the skin can also affect the fetus. However, most doctors recommend caution and avoid these creams containing vitamin A or retinoids during pregnancy.

Salicylic acid

Salicylic acid is used to treat skin problems such as acne, peeling, or exfoliating. Creams containing salicylic acid or other compounds such as BHA are also used to remove wrinkles. High oral doses of this substance during pregnancy can have dangerous effects on the fetus, although the use of low doses topically and on the skin may not have any effect.

However, it is better to be more careful during pregnancy and not to use creams containing this type of chemical. If you plan to peel during pregnancy, it is better to consult your doctor about this.

Products containing soy compounds

Some pregnant mothers look for creams containing herbal ingredients such as soy to care for their skin during pregnancy. Soy compounds are used in some shaping, toning, or anti-wrinkle creams. These compounds have estrogenic effects that may exacerbate dark spots called melasma or chloasma and can increase the appearance of dark spots on the skin during pregnancy. Consumption of soy compounds does not seem to affect the fetus.

Acne-treatment products

Many women experience changes in estrogen levels during the first trimester of pregnancy, resulting in pregnancy acne; even if their skin has always been clear. If you experience pregnancy acne, your dermatologist can prescribe harmless topical antibiotics. Some acne medications include salicylic acid and retinoid compounds and vitamin A, which can be dangerous to take in large doses during pregnancy. If you have acne during pregnancy, it is better to consult your doctor instead of home treatment and take medication according to your doctor’s instructions so that there is no danger to your fetus.

Safe skincare products during pregnancy

Some products are also safe for the skin during pregnancy and you can put them in your skincare routine. Some of these products are listed below:

Chemical depilatories

Lotions that chemically remove pubic hair or hydrolyze the hair that can help pregnant women to remove their hair on the skin. These products are safe during pregnancy and the mother can safely clean her skin with a chemical depilatory. The most important thing to consider when using chemical depilatories is the possibility of skin allergies. For this reason, it is better to test the product on a part of the skin, such as the legs, and wait for 24 hours before using it completely.

If there is no allergy or problem, you can use it on other parts of the body. As long as you use chemical depilatories according to the instructions, there will be no problem. If you have a history of allergic reactions to shaving products, avoid using these products during pregnancy.


Normal sunscreens are harmless during pregnancy. The amount of compounds in these products that penetrate the skin is very small and there is no need to worry. Sunscreens containing titanium dioxide or zinc oxide are some of the sunscreens that do not penetrate the skin despite being strong.

One of the best ways to take care of your skin is to avoid sunburn. To protect your skin from the sun, in addition to sunscreen, it is best to stay out of direct sunlight during the day, between 10 am and 4 pm. Wearing a hat, sunglasses, and sunscreen every two hours can help prevent sunburn.

In any case, the safest way to take care of your skin during pregnancy is to consult a doctor. Also, if you have a skin condition, you are worried about your skin and if you want to take the most care of it, or you are taking some kind of skincare product that is harmful to you and your child, it is better to discuss the matter with your doctor.

When your child is born

Stretch mark treatment and prevention is an important component of a pregnancy-safe skincare routine for pregnant and postpartum moms. Stretch mark lotions, stretch mark oils, and stretch marks recovery Serums all help to keep skin smooth and supple. As your skin stretches to create place for your baby, this helps to reduce scarring and fine wrinkles. For at least two months after giving birth, we recommend rubbing a stretch mark remedy into susceptible regions like your stomach and hips every morning and evening.

Chapter 10

Skincare routine for someone with hyperpigmentation

If you have hyperpigmentation (sun spots, acne scars, or hormonal), it might be difficult to notice improvements from your home skincare, but there are products, substances, and techniques that can help you get cleaner, more even-toned skin.

Hyperpigmentation which means darkening of the skin in some areas of the skin occurs focally or sporadically in people for a variety of reasons. In most cases, the main cause of hyperpigmentation is an increase in melanin production in the body.

Focal hyperpigmentation is usually post-inflammatory and occurs after injury to the body (for example, when skin cuts or burns) or other causes of inflammation such as pimples and lupus. Scattered hyperpigmentation can be the result of medication and also has systemic and neoplastic causes. Here are some practical skincare products that may come in handy for someone with hyperpigmentation:

  • It is recommended to use a wide range of sunscreens such as SPF 30 and above when exposed to the sun. This should be done to prevent further damage to the skin due to UV exposure
  • Hydroquinone and Kojic acid products are both very effective skin lightening creams. Hydroquinone is used as the gold standard for the treatment of hypertension. To improve the results of this treatment, it can be used in combination with antioxidants and hydroxy acid, and retinol. Kojic acid gives almost the same results as hydroquinone and is even better in combination with hydroquinone and glycolic acid
  • Vitamin A supplements. These include retinol and tretinoin, which have a special application in skin rejuvenation, and also help increase cell blood circulation
  • Alpha hydroxy acid products. These not only remove skin blemishes but also smooth the skin and bring a better appearance to the skin by accelerating cell change

Better add chemical ointments in skincare routine if suffer from hyperpigmentation

When other topical treatments for hyperpigmentation are no longer effective, skin ointments for the treatment of hyperpigmentation can have good results and the person can be satisfied with the appearance of his or her skin.

Chemical skin ointments contain essential and natural skin substances such as lactic acid, salicylic acid and glycolic acid that help skin cells and improve skin surface. This treatment process may be used concomitantly with other topical treatments for best results. Chemical skin ointments are available in a variety of strengths and depths to help people with different skin types.

Microneedling for hyperpigmentation

Microneedling uses a special device to gently repair the skin and improve the problem of hyperpigmentation. This treatment helps to reduce the pigmentation of the skin by improving the mobility of skin cells. Also, during the treatment process, strong antioxidants and skin lighteners enter the body.

Azelaic acid

Azelaic acid, according to the Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology, is one of the most effective substances for reducing hyperpigmentation from post-acne lesions while also clearing the skin, especially for darker skin tones. It also has amazing acne and rosacea clearing qualities. So, Azelaic acid-based products must be added to your skincare routine if suffer from hyperpigmentation.

Mandelic Acid (L-(+)-Mandelic acid)

This alpha-hydroxy acid, produced from bitter almonds, has been demonstrated in several studies to have a powerful skin lightening and clearing impact on hyperpigmentation and inflammatory acne. This makes it ideal for post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (acne scars) and acne-prone skin. You should also purchase the sort with “L” in the name since it is the “chirally right” form of mandelic acid, which means it will be better used by your cells.

Niacinamide (Organic compound of niacin)

This component is a B3 vitamin in its purest form. It has been proven in tests to enhance the skin barrier by increasing the synthesis of ceramide and thickening the skin’s outer layers. Clinical studies have shown that it is particularly effective in preventing sun-induced skin damage that leads to hyperpigmentation while also correcting existing damage in just four weeks. Its barrier-boosting properties also assist the skin in mending itself, making it ideal for speeding up the healing of inflammatory acne lesions and scabs.

Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate (MAP)

Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate is a newer form of Vitamin C that is also the most stable. Unlike L-Ascorbic acid, which is good for ageing but can cause skin problems due to its instability, MAP is mild and even useful for sensitive and acneic skin types. It brightens while also preventing hyperpigmentation caused by sun exposure. It has been demonstrated in tests to have an anti-inflammatory impact on pores and follicles, which aids in the healing of acne-prone skin.

Vitamin A Propionate

In the skin, this chemical converts to retinol, which has been shown in several studies to have advantages for boosting collagen production (which is wonderful for scarring), speeding up cell turnover, and decreasing hyperpigmentation. It’s the best retinoid for acne since studies indicate it helps inflammatory lesions, whereas other retinoids might exacerbate inflamed acne while overstimulating purging.

Skincare routine strategy for hyperpigmentation

As a result, the substances listed above can be found in cleansers, toners, and moisturizers. Some may be single-ingredient serums, while others will contain mixtures of the components.

While there are wonderful L-Mandelic acid cleansers and toners on the market, we recommend a serum for the face since it will remain on and enter the skin the most efficiently. In addition, the serums I prescribe will be determined by lifestyle variables (Such as whether or not someone is ready to use numerous serums for faster results) as well as the severity of acne and hyperpigmentation.

Chapter 11

Skincare products unlocked by dermatologists

Today, there are various ways to achieve this; unfortunately, although the market for hair and skincare products is hot and women are the main and full-fledged customers of these ingredients, most do not have enough information about these skincare products. The amount and method of use also require special information. We may be able to acquaint you somewhat with the necessary information in this regard. Stay with us.

Your guide to facial cleansers

Perhaps the most essential step in every routine recommended by dermatologists is cleansing. It is only with clean skin that you can expect a fresh and healthy look and increased absorption of nutrients as well as treatments.

Facial cleansers, also called face wash, are usually better than bar soaps. Here is why:

  • The skin of your face is really sensitive. It always needs a moderate amount of sebum (oil produced by your skin’s sebaceous glands) to protect against the loss of skin hydration and kill bacteria. However, bar soap removes this natural oil. As a result, reactive seborrhea occurs. This is the condition where because of over dryness, your skin’s sebaceous glands produce even more oil than what is natural or necessary for your skin. You can imagine what happens next, right? A skin that feels even more greasy has clogged pores and a higher risk of acne breakouts
  • Bar soap tends to disturb the pH balance of your skin. Because of its contents of alkaline, the pH of bar soap is usually 4.7. If applied on the skin, this condition can lead to the overgrowth of bacteria on your skin and an increased chance of acne breakouts
  • To maintain the shape of a bar, bar soap contains thickening elements that can clog your pores and cause acne

In short, you may think that bar soap helps to clean your face, but when you think about it, it actually causes problems your skin may not even have in the first. You also need to keep in mind that face skin type varies among individuals, while bar soaps model a 1 size fit all prescription. However, you need to consider your skin type and the product type that goes best with it when shopping for a face wash.

This should account for the variety of cleansing products out there. Confused? Here is a list of all types of cleansers:

  • Foam cleansers
  • Cream cleansers
  • Gel cleansers
  • Bar cleansers
  • Oil cleansers
  • Balms
  • Clay cleansers
  • Milk
  • Micellar cleansers
  • Powder cleansers
  • Charcoal cleansers
  • Vitamin C cleansers
  • Nourishing cleansers
  • Honey cleansers
  • Cleansing mitts, clothes, and wipes

This is only a categorization by form. Let’s dig deeper into product categories and see which types of products and which ingredients are the most suitable for each skin type.

Choose the best cleanser for your skin

To choose the best cleanser, you should first have an idea of your skin and the available types of cleansers.

As I already mentioned, you don’t want to create a problem with your skin that wasn’t there in the first place. So, you need to be careful and monitor your skin before and after using a product.

Aggressive cleansers can irritate and dehydrate your skin. Such cleansers can adversely affect your skin too, by rebounding the production of sebum.

Gentle products like oil cleansers might not be able to properly clean your face so chances are they will leave some of the make up or dirt on your face.

In oily skin types, there is an excessive production of sebum which can block skin pores and cause acnes. In the long run, this can also cause your skin pores to look larger and your skin greasier.

In order to properly clean your skin, you need to pick a product that cleans the oil but doesn’t over dry your skin.

That being said, gel-type cleansers, with salicylic acid, tea tree oil, or glycolic acid as well as foams work well for oily skin. Also, as oil attracts oil, you can use natural oils such as jojoba oil, in case your skin is not allergic to it.

Even though the excessive oil is what bothers your skin, you should make sure your face wash does not dry your skin too much. You already know why. If your skin feels dry and stripped, with a tingling or burning sensation after cleansing, then you need to switch to a product that is gentler and has hydrating properties.

Two of the ingredients that will help you address the bacteria which is prone to growing on your skin are niacinamides and the AHAs. One of the useful acids for pimples and acne prone faces is Salicylic acid, which can clean your face and dry possible breakouts.

But when it comes to dry and sensitive skin, you are dealing with a dehydrated and fragile one. So, you need to go for the gentlest cleansers in the market. Cream cleansers are generally speaking a good idea, but you need to avoid products containing alcohol or fragrance.

These ingredients tend to dry the skin and create allergic reactions. Also, your cleanser should not meddle with your skin’s pH balance neither mess up with its moisture.

To prevent further damage to your skin, you need to use milks and creams. If your skin is not too sensitive, you can also use hydrating foams. But if it’s the opposite and your sensitive skin doesn’t even tolerate water; you can use micellar water which doesn’t require rinsing.

Oils also feel like a good idea, but then again, unless you have allergies. Bar soaps, made with special ingredients which don’t meddle with your skin’s pH or hydration are also a good idea.

In case you feel your skin is not clean enough after washing, then chances are that these cleansers are too gentle for you. So maybe then you need to pick a stronger foaming cleanser or gel.

One of the possible ingredients you can have in your cleanser is lactic acid. While cleaning the skin, lactic acid is capable of gently hydrating your skin and making it less prone to irritation.

Double cleansing is a good idea

The first round of cleaning aims the dirt, pollution, the make or anything else sitting on the surface of your skin. You can choose cleansing waters, micellar cleansers, oils, and balms at this stage.

The second cleanser is for more deep cleaning. It is what you need to thoroughly clean your face and prepare your face for the treatments and topicals you like to use after cleaning. Toners are popular and suitable products used at this stage.

However, some people also use gels and foams. In case your skin feels extra dry after using the toner or gel, this means the product is likely to have alcohol and you need to change it.

Another deep cleaning method you can use from time to time is exfoliation. You can find chemical as well as physical exfoliants.

But you need to use them less frequently, for example, a twice weekly routine of exfoliation for oily skin and once for dry and sensitive skin usually does the trick.

Facial toners and facial moisturizers

The purpose of these compounds is to remove greasy or residual soap, but they also have a soothing effect on the skin. In the case of alkaline detergents, the use of these compounds may be necessary.

If you take retinoids, these compounds make the skin red, inflamed, and itchy. In this case, it is useful to use alcohol-free compounds.


Moisturizers are oil-based substances that include coatings such as natural and herbal oils. These substances form a layer on the skin that prevents water from getting out. They also play an important role in reducing skin dryness and increasing its softness. Scientifically, humectant is a general term used for a variety of moisturizing compounds, including:

  • humectants
  • occlusive

Eye creams

The purpose is similar to the use of moisturizers. Of course, these compounds are much more expensive. Because the active ingredient of moisturizers for the eye area can be irritating. These compounds must be tolerated for the thin skin around the eyes and the amount of moisture required to use these compounds is a criterion.

Skin peels

Sometimes we feel that the skin does not always have a lustrous and radiant complexion, and we have to remove the ugly and irritating layer of skin. In face peeling or facial peeling performed by face scrub, peeling masks or other methods, dead cells or contaminants are cleansed from the surface of the skin and into the pores and you are given a fresh and healthy skin.

Face masks

Facial masks are a transitional system and patients usually use these products to tighten the skin, deep cleanse the skin pores and moisturize the skin. Using face masks is a good way to boost your skin with vitamins and nutrients.

Moisturizing is the second most important step of every skincare routine, after cleaning. Hydration in your skin is responsible for making it look lively and fresh, and moisturizers act like barriers which come on top of your skin to preserve the hydration, prevent evaporation, and let the skin repair itself.

So, you definitely need to apply moisturizers on a daily basis.

There is a common misconception that oily skin types do not need to use moisturizers. Moisture has nothing to do with the excessive sebum of your skin. In fact, if you rip your skin off its required amount of moisture chances are that not only your oily skin doesn’t go away, but also dehydration comes on top of that.

Depending on the time of the day, skin type, body parts, and where you live you may have to choose from a wide variety of products. However, there are 3 broad categories of moisturizers:

  • Humectants draw moisture to the body from the air and maintain it. These are especially useful if you’re living in a humid place. Some of the famous humectant ingredients are: hyaluronic acid, urea, sorbitol, glycerin, propylene glycol, and alpha hydroxy acids such as lactic acid and glycolic acid.
  • Emollients penetrate into the skin, they fill in the skin cracks or spaces between skin cells, they replace the lost or worn out lipids and fats, and trap moisture inside the skin. The result is a smoother and healthier skin. Some of the humectants are oil based and are extracted from animals, minerals, or plants. These include: cocoa butter, shea butter, petrolatum, silicone, and cholesterol. Of course, you won’t find these ingredients in water-based moisturizers.
  • Occlusive moisturizers form a thicker barrier over the body. Since they are heavier than the previous ones, they are usually included in hand and body creams. Thanks to this consistency, occlusive moisturizers are especially suitable for dehydrated and dry skin types. Some of the ingredients in these moisturizers are lanolin, mineral oil, beeswax, shea butter, and olive oil.

Now that you know about the major categories of products and ingredients, it’s time for consistencies. Moisturizers generally come with one of the following consistencies:

Gels are light and feel less greasy than the other consistencies. Their bases normally consist of liquids, water, and alcohol. Because these base ingredients tend to evaporate quickly, they tend to make your hands feel cold after application.

How to pick the best moisturizer for your skin

  • Lotions don’t feel heavy too. They are made of powdered and dry ingredients which solve easily in the water and get absorbed quickly. Additionally, these types of moisturizers do not feel greasy.
  • Creams are heavier than the previous two. They include water and oil emulsions and function as better moisturizers in general. Compared to gels and lotions, creams feel greasier and stickier after application.
  • Ointments are the heaviest and the greasiest moisturizers of all categories. This is because they usually contain the highest concentration of oil.

But which type of moisturizers is good for every skin type?

If you have oily skin, you don’t want an extra layer of oil to cover your face right after cleaning it. So, your moisturizer needs to be non-comedogenic, aka oil-free. Water-based and lightweight formulas should be your go-to products.

Effective hydrating ingredients are hyaluronic acid, niacinamide, and retinol. You can also pick products with SPF so as to avoid layering your face with sunscreen.

On the other hand, a little oil never hurts for dry skin. A combination of humectants and emollients will result in an optimal result. In addition to this, the following ingredients can help you see the best result with your moisturizing habits: shea butter, coconut oil, olive oil, and jojoba oil.

To relieve chapped and cracked lips, you can use lip balms. Your lip balm shouldn’t cause a tingling or itching sensation when you apply it. Some of the ingredients you need to look for in a product include mineral oils, petrolatum, and petroleum jelly.

When it comes to moisturizing the time in the day as well as the year also becomes considerably important. Your skin starts repairing during the night. This means that your routine should prevent the evaporation of moisture from your skin so that it will be able to perform its function.

As a result, night creams are usually thicker and heavier, designed to add that extra protection you need for your skin. And as for the seasons, generally speaking, the air is drier in the winter than in the summer.

So, you might like to choose oil-based products for the winter, to increase the skin’s protection, and water-based products for the summer.

Which eye creams are the best?

Here is the thing. The type of moisturizer you choose does not matter for the area around your eyes. Because you shouldn’t apply your moisturizer to the are in the first place. The tender skin under and around your eyes requires special care, and this means you need the right eye cream.

Of course, many of these problems can be fixed by adjusting your habits, such as frequent squinting of your eyes, and diet, such as excessive use of salt.

Eye creams address wrinkles and fine lines, dark circles, eye puffiness, and dryness. Naturally, products are usually made to address one or a number of these issues. In addition to this, recent products also contain SPF to shield the tender skin under the eyes against the harmful rays of the sun.

Here is a list of causes for different issues and how to fix them

  • To treat or prevent wrinkles and fine lines, it helps to look for collagen inducing ingredients such as Coenzyme Q10 and vitamin A. Collagen reduces cell oxidation and laxity by accelerating skin rejuvenation.
  • Puffy eyes are caused by the accumulation of water under the eyes. Even though determining the root of the problem will be the most helpful step, you can retain and reduce this puffiness by using eye creams with retinol.
  • But if you experience dry and flaky skin under your eyes, then it’s a sign that your skin is losing hydration. Ingredients like hyaluronic acid restore hydration without making your skin feel greasy.
  • Dark circles occur as a result of sleep deprivation and exhaustion. This fatigue makes the skin thinner while the blue blood vessels underneath become more visible. Products with caffeine can draw the blood back into the blood circulation system and diminish the dark appearance. Another useful ingredient to look for are peptides, which tighten the skin, and light-reflecting mica, which illuminates the darkness under your eyes.

Chapter 12

What skincare products do estheticians recommend?

Besides dermatologists, the estheticians can also recommend certain products that will be good for your skin.

Some of the products that they have recommended are:

  • Moisture protecting cleansers
  • Energy-boosting toners
  • Weightless protection with SPF
  • Vitamin C eye brighteners
  • Daily cleansing serums
  • Texture reform gentle resurfacing serums
  • Daily oil-free moisturizers
  • Homemade masks

What else can I do for shiny skin?

In addition to your daily routine, you can also take further measures for shiny and happy skin. You can either visit a clinician regularly, for especial treatments such as RF, peeling, Botox, etc. But you can also take some really easy steps at home on a weekly or even monthly basis.

Get a facial

Facials come in different types. While most professional facials are provided by aestheticians, you can also prepare your own facial. Now, if you choose to do it by yourself, then you have 2 options. You can either purchase facials as creams, gels, and other kinds of products at shops or make them by yourself at home. Simple and natural products can yield really resourceful facials. If you still don’t believe what I say or need more information then go ahead and read our Natural Products for Skin post.

Treating acne at home

Acnes are stubborn breakouts that occur on areas of skin that are usually oilier. Even though treating inflammatory acne such as cysts at home is nearly impossible, you can harness non-inflammatory breakouts across your face and body. Check out our post on 13 Powerful Home Remedies for Acne in 2020.

Remove wrinkles naturally

Thousands of dollars are spent on different methods of collagen therapy and Botox every year. Well, the good news is that you don’t have to go through such huge expenses. You can remove wrinkles and fine lines at home with the help of natural products. Prepare your own home mask and apply it whenever you find the time.

Use derma rollers

Derma rolling or micro-needling is another effective home treatment. This small device will help you stimulate collagen production in your skin, or accelerate the absorption of different serums. However, it is not as easy to apply as the other methods. You can find all you need to know about it in All You Need to Know About Derma Rolling.

Healthy lifestyle

Last but not least, a healthy lifestyle is everything! It’s a must for your life, skin, and health. Remember to:

  • Consume a lot of fruits and vegetables.
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Avoid stress and tension as much as possible. Overthinking has not done well ever, so stop torturing yourself with stress.
  • Get eight hours of sleep every night. Having enough time for resting and sleeping will benefit your skin, brain, and body.

Some more tips for a glowing skin are:

  • Reduce your coffee intake and replace coffee with green natural juice.
  • Consume food rich in vitamins and proteins. Omega 3 is the best when it comes to keeping your skin protected from all types of dust, pollution and harmful UV rays of the sun.
  • Neroli oil or chlorophyll is said to increase blood circulation, thus giving glow to your skin. But please first consult a physician if you already have a high blood circulation.
  • Remove makeup before getting to bed every night. Expect larger pores on your face in case you forget to do so repetitively.

Now you know all about skin and how to get a shiny skin like the celebrities. Go on and make your dream skin come true and don’t forget to write us your feedback!

Last but not least

Your everyday behaviors, in fact, have a significant influence on what you see in the mirror. There are a bewildering amount of perspectives on everything from how to moisturize to how to protect oneself from UV radiation, depending on which product reviews you read or whose physicians you contact. In the end, skincare is a matter of personal preference. Here were some things to remember while you try to make sense of it all. Any skincare routine should aim to tune up your complexion so it works at its best, as well as troubleshoot or target any areas you wish to improve.

The science behind skincare products has progressed significantly, but there is still no such thing as a quick fix; results take time to manifest. Consistent usage is the only way to see results. To see a change, try using a product for at least six weeks, once or twice daily.

Skincare routine


What face wash do dermatologists recommend?

According To Dermatologists, These Are The Best Face Washes For Every Skin Type - CeraVe Hydrating Facial Cleanser. - Beauty Aura 100% Pure Grapeseed Oil. - SkinCeuticals LHA Cleansing Gel. - Herbivore Bamboo Charcoal Cleansing Bar Soap. - PCA Skin Facial Wash and Glytone Mild Cream Cleanser. - Simple Micellar Cleansing Water.

How can I have a beautiful face?

Wash your face twice a day. Cleansing or washing your face form the basis of a good beauty routine for flawless skin, and it should not be compromised on, no matter what. - Massage your face. ... - Drink A LOT of water. ... - Wear sunscreen everyday. ... - Use a face mask regularly. ... - Get enough sleep.

What is the best face wash?

15 best drugstore face washes and cleansers of 2020 - Eucerin Sensitive Skin Gentle Hydrating Cleanser. - Neutrogena Ultra Gentle Hydrating Daily Facial Cleanser. - La Roche Posay Toleriane Hydrating Gentle Face Cleanser. - CeraVe Hydrating Facial Cleanser. - St. ... - CeraVe Foaming Facial Cleanser. - Cetaphil PRO DermaControl Oil Removing Foam Wash. - Purpose Gentle Cleansing Bar.