You can also use various essential oils to benefit their value. Each essential oil has its features and you can choose them by these features. Essential oils are strong ingredients that should be used in low amounts in various solutions. Only a few drops of essential oils could be enough for delivering their benefits to the final product. However, you can use the following essential oils to make an effective sanitizer that also contains some other helpful ingredients:
Tea tree oil
Tea tree oil is one of the most popular ingredients in the world of skin care products. These essential oils contain several properties that could contribute to the quality of the final product. Some of the most promising properties of this oil include:
You can add a few drops of tea tree oil to your mixture to benefit these properties.
Lavender is another essential oil that could be used in making homemade hand sanitizer. This essential oil also contains all properties of tea tree oil; however, its antiseptic and antiviral properties come first. You can simply add a few drops of lavender essential oil to your mixture to have herbal properties in your final product. (https://oneessentialcommunity.com/diy-hand-sanitizer-spray-essential-oils/)
Other Essential oils
Several essential oils contain properties that make them good candids for usage in hand sanitizer production. Some of these essential oils work better against bacterial and fungal germs while others work better against viruses. However, the entire following essential could be used in producing homemade sanitizers:
– Geranium essential oil: antifungal, antibacterial, antiviral, antiseptic
– Lemon essential oil: antimicrobial, antiseptic, antiviral, antifungal
– Sweet or wild orange essential oil: antiseptic, antiviral, antifungal, antibacterial
– Eucalyptus essential oil: antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, antiseptic, antimicrobial
– Rosemary essential oil: antiseptic, antibacterial, antifungal, antimicrobial
– Cinnamon essential oil: antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, antimicrobial, antiseptic
– Clove essential oil: antiviral, antiseptic, antibacterial, antifungal
– Thyme essential oil: antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, antimicrobial, antiseptic
– Peppermint essential oil: antiseptic, antibacterial, antiviral
As we mentioned earlier, essential oils are strong ingredients that should be used in low amounts to be safe. However, it should be noted that lemon essential oil could be dangerous for those who have sunburns. You should be aware of the possible side effects of these oils and if you saw any sign, you should stop using the produced mix.
It should be noted that these instructions are designed for extreme situations in which you don’t have access to water and soap on one hand and market and manufactured products on other hand. That is because mixing these compounds and chemical materials could be hazardous for your health. However, in the following, we will introduce various considerations that should be regarded when you want to make a homemade hand sanitizer.
Use proper alcohol
Several types of alcohol are present at the market that could be used in your homemade hand sanitizer. You can buy rubbing alcohol whether in 90-99% concentration of 70%. It is recommended to use at least 91% alcohol to make an effective sanitizer. When you have no other options but 70% alcohol, you have little room to add other ingredients. That means you can simply add drops of essential oils to your mixture.
One of the main reasons for using emollient or carrier oils in homemade sanitizers is that alcohol makes our skin dry. Using more than 90% of alcohol helps you to have moisturized skin after applying sanitizer to your skin. In other words, you can disinfect various surfaces with 70% alcohol including your skin, but it may lead to dry skin and various damages to your skin.
As we mentioned earlier, lower concentrations of alcohol similarly can lead to an ineffective hand sanitizer. Therefore, you can not use vodka’s alcohol to make an effective sanitizer. This concentration is not good even for cleaning various surfaces at home and could not be used as a disinfecting ingredient.
You should use a carrier oil or emollient to reduce the side effects of using alcohol on your face. The proper amount that is required to be effective is 1 part of carrier oil with 2 parts of 90% alcohol. Several DIY recipes suggest readers use aloe vera gel as their main emollient. That is because aloe vera gel is a natural emollient that has many skin-friendly properties. Using this natural oil can easily make your homemade hand sanitizer an effective product that could be used without causing your skin becomes dry.
When you try to use 70% alcohol, you can not add emollient, which means your final sanitizer will not be a moisturizer. Mixing 70% alcohol with emollient leads to a final product with lower than 60% alcohol that is required for disinfecting by various health organizations. When you use aloe vera gel as an emollient, you can simply use it to disinfect your hand without any worry about your skin dryness.
Washing hands or using hand sanitizer?
When it comes to disinfection and killing germs, the old fashioned way of washing hands with soap and water is the best option. Washing your hands both clears and disinfects your hands, while using sanitizers can not clear dirt or grease from your hands. Therefore, when it is possible to wash your hands, don’t use sanitizers because washing your hands is a more effective way.
However, when you don’t have access to water and soap, your only option would be using these sanitizers. To be effective, you should apply sanitizer on your hands and rub them for at least 1 minute, which is required for killing germs. In other words, you should rub your hands till the sanitizer absorbs into your skin and your hands becoming dry.
You should remember that your best option for disinfecting your hand is simply to use soap and water. However, you should also have sanitizers for extreme situations in which you don’t have access to soap and water.
Homemade sanitizers or manufactured ones?
As we mentioned earlier, several recipes that are available on the internet are originally designed to be used by professionals who have access to both measurement tools and are aware of how to mix chemical combinations. Besides these recipes, a lot of manufactured sanitizers are available at the market. These products are mixed mechanically using an accurate ratio to be effective.
Buying these products to use in extreme situations in which you don’t have access to water and soap is a wise choice. They are ready-made products that could be simply sprayed on your hand.
Only when you can not find suitable products at the market, or when you don’t have access to the market, you should try to make a homemade hand sanitizer. Mixing chemical materials could be dangerous and hazardous, thus it is recommended to avoid using these instructions when you have access to the market.
Using sterilize water
As we mentioned earlier, you should use sterilize water or boiled cold water to make sure that water infections could not reduce the effectiveness of your sanitizer. This will help you keep your mixture clean and according to the ratio. Sterilize water is preferred, but you can also use boiled water if you don’t have access to sterilize water.
Using clean tools and space
Any dirt or infections on the surfaces of the space you use for making your hand sanitizer should be cleaned and disinfected. That means you should clean the table on which you want to mix the material, cleans and disinfects all involved containers, and make the space as clean as possible.
As we mentioned earlier, the WHO provides a checklist for the required space and tools. You should take these requirements seriously as without them your sanitizer will not be effective. You should also use clear containers in this process to see the mixture.
Don’t use essential oils a lot
Essential oils are strong ingredients that when used in large amounts could be dangerous. These oils should be used in very low amounts, for example, 10 drops in a 2-liter mixture of alcohol and aloe vera gel. Using more than this amount can lead to allergic reactions and other types of skin damages.
You should also make sure that you are using suitable essential oil, as they contain various types of properties that could be used for different skin types. The main reason for using essential oils is to deliver their antiviral and antimicrobial features to your hand sanitizer. Therefore, using these materials in large amounts could lead to unwanted challenges and risks.
Don’t change the ratio with other ingredients
Many people think that using other ingredients, such as various types of herbs and plants could add to the effectiveness of the sanitizer. Thus, they put various types of these ingredients in large amounts in their mixture to deliver their benefits on their skin. This can lead to improper ratio sanitizer that won’t work properly.
Simply try to keep the formula just like the instructions. Any final mixture that contains less than 60% alcohol can not be effective in disinfection.