Facial Scars Healing | Types, Causes, and Best Ways to Treat Them
January 8, 2022
There’s no doubt that facial scars can be quite noticeable and affect a person’s appearance. While they are often the result of an accident or injury, there are other causes as well. Facial scars can vary in size, shape, and color, and some may be permanent while others may fade over time. Fortunately, there are various ways to treat them depending on the cause and type of scar. Here is a look at the different types of facial scars, their causes, and the best ways to treat them.
A scar is the body’s natural method of mending and replacing skin that has been removed or injured. In most cases, scar tissue is made up of fibrous tissue. Scars may occur for a variety of causes, including infections, surgery, injuries, or inflammation of the tissue around the wound. Scars may form anywhere on the body, and the content of a scar might differ from one person to another. But don’t worry, we, at Mahimo in this post, are going to show you the best facial scars healing.
A scar may seem flat, lumpy, sunken, or colored depending on how it was formed. It is possible that it will be uncomfortable or irritating. Several variables influence how a scar will appear in the end, including skin type and location on the body, direction of the wound, the kind of damage, the age of the person who has the scar, and the nutritional state of the person who will have the scar.
Are Facial scars going to be minimized?
Your healthcare professional will choose the specific dermatological treatments to be performed in order to reduce scars depending on the following factors:
- Your overall health, medical history, and age
- Location and type of the facial scars
- Symptoms and severity of the facial scars
- Your tolerance for particular therapies, treatments, medications and procedures
Scars often go away with time. While facial scars are healing, makeup may be used to conceal them. Certain dermatological procedures may help to reduce the appearance of certain facial scars. Treatment, on the other hand, can only enhance the look of a scar; it will not be able to totally eliminate it.
Different Types of Body and Facial Scars and Their Treatments
After a wound has healed, it is possible for abnormal scars to develop. Scars come in a variety of shapes and sizes, including the following:
- Keloid scars
- Hypertrophic scars
Everything You Need to Know about Keloid Scars
When a wound heals, it creates a scar on the person’s skin. A keloid scar is a tissue that becomes thicker, lumpier, elevated, and bigger than the initial lesion as a result of the injury. Keloid scars are elevated wounds that are bigger and raised in comparison to the surrounding skin. They may be pink, red, flesh-colored, or darker in comparison to the surrounding skin.
When relatively tiny skin damage, such as an acne spot or a piercing, occurs, they might expand and extend beyond the region of skin damage that occurred initially. Keloid scars may occur in anybody, although they’re more prevalent in individuals with dark complexion, such as those from Africa, African-Caribbean, and south Indian cultures, as well as in people with light skin.
Scars from keloid treatment are most often seen on the upper chest, shoulders, head (particularly the earlobes following a piercing), and neck, although they may occur everywhere. Keloid scars are not completely understood by experts; however, they are believed to be caused by an excessive synthesis of collagen (the protein that makes up the skin). Keloid scars may afflict anybody, although they’re more prevalent in those with dark complexion, and it’s believed that they may run in families in certain cases.
Younger persons between the ages of 10 and 30 are more prone than older people to be affected by these conditions. Although it is impossible to totally eliminate keloid scars, you may avoid any purposeful cuts or breaks in the skin, such as tattoos or piercings, which can include those on the earlobes, by wearing appropriate clothing.
Everything You Need to Know about Contractures
Contractures are an abnormal phenomenon that occurs when a big region of skin is injured and destroyed, leaving a scar as a consequence of the damage and loss. Scar development tightens the skin along the borders of the wound, resulting in a swollen and painful patch of skin. The reduction in the size of the skin may subsequently have an effect on the muscles, joints, and tendons, resulting in a reduction in the ability to move.
After the scar tissue has been removed, skin grafts or skin flaps are performed. Skin grafts are procedures that include the replacement or attachment of skin to an area of the body that has lost its skin. When doing skin grafts, it is necessary to take a portion of healthy skin from another part of the body (known as the donor site) and connect it to the region that is in need of repair.
Skin flaps are similar to skin grafts in that a portion of the skin is removed from another region; however, the skin that is retrieved has its own blood supply, while with skin grafts, the skin that is retrieved does not.
Using a Z-shaped incision to assist reduce the number of contractures in the surrounding skin, a Z-plasty is a kind of operation that may be performed to revise a scar and help it heal more quickly. The procedure may also make an effort to reposition the scar so that its margins more closely resemble those of the surrounding skin’s regular lines and wrinkles. Small stitches may be used to assist keep the skin in place throughout the healing process.
Everything You Need to Know about Hypertrophic Scars
Hypertrophic scars are similar to keloid scars in shape and form. However, since their development is constrained to the borders of the initial skin defect, they may be more amenable to therapy than other types of diseases. These scars are generally thick and elevated, and they may seem red as well. After a skin injury, hypertrophic scars often begin to appear within a few weeks after the incident. Hypertrophic scars may improve on their own over time. However, this procedure might take up to a year or more.
During the healing process, specific body cells known as myofibroblasts create an excessive amount of collagen in certain individuals. This may occur as a consequence of a person’s skin type and healing characteristics, among other factors. An infection or inflammation of the incision, excessive stress or motion (such as in joint injuries), or the lesion being allowed to heal without sutures are all factors that might cause overproduction of collagen to occur more often. When it comes to treating hypertrophic scars, steroids are often the first line of treatment. However, there isn’t a single straightforward solution.
Steroids may be administered by an injection. Alternatively, they may be put directly to the scar, albeit this may not be beneficial in certain instances. Surgical removal of these scars is also an option. In many cases, steroid injections are used in conjunction with the procedure. The injections may be continued for up to two years following the operation to aid in the healing process and to reduce the likelihood of the scar resurfacing. It is possible that hypertrophic scars will react to topical silicone dioxide administration, just as keloids do.
Everything You Need to Know about Adhesions
In human body, an adhesion is a band of scar tissue that connects two internal body surfaces that are normally not joined. Organs or tissues inside the body attach to the surfaces of other organs or tissues within the body.
Adhesions form as a result of the body’s efforts to mend itself. Depending on the circumstances, this is a natural reaction to surgery, illness, trauma, or radiation. Adhesions might seem as thin sheets of tissue, comparable to plastic wrap, or as thick fibrous bands that are difficult to remove.
In addition to the female reproductive organs (ovaries and fallopian tubes), adhesions may affect the bowels, the chest, the spine, and the hand. Adhesions can also damage the lungs. They have the potential to cause a variety of issues, including infertility, dyspareunia (painful genital passage), pelvic discomfort, and intestinal obstruction or occlusion.
As a result of adhesions, a complicated combination of symptoms known as adhesion-related disease may develop (ARD). Adhesions are a common source of discomfort. Adhesions may occur in up to 93 percent of patients who have had abdominal surgery in the past. Abdominal adhesions may also develop in persons who have never undergone surgery, accounting for 10% of the population.
Despite the fact that the majority of adhesions are painless and do not cause difficulties, adhesions are responsible for 60 to 70% of small intestine blockages in adults and are thought to be a contributing factor to the onset of persistent pelvic discomfort. ARD refers to a collection of symptoms that may develop as a consequence of adhesions in the body. In most cases, persistent abdominal discomfort will be experienced by a person suffering with ARD. Typical adhesions occur after a few days of surgery, but discomfort may continue for months or even years after the procedure is completed.
Everything You Need to Know about Acne Scars
An acne lesion develops when bacteria, oils, and dead skin cells clog and inflame pores, which are the microscopic holes in skin through which oil and perspiration rise to the surface of skin. A total of 40,000 cells shed from your skin every hour; nevertheless, these dead cells plug up pores on occasion. “Whiteheads or blackheads” are caused by blocked pores that are too tiny to be seen. Sometimes these pores become irritated, which may result in the development of different forms of acne.
Acne scars are difficult to remove, and there is no one therapy that works for everyone. Depending on the kind of scar you have, skin type, and the degree of the scarring, one or a combination of the techniques may be effective in improving the look of your skin. Using sunscreen may assist to reduce the difference between skin that isn’t scarred and skin that has a scar. In addition, certain creams, such as those that include azelaic acid or hydroxyl acids, may be beneficial.
Filling up the skin over indentation scars by injecting collagen, fat, or other material beneath the skin may help to improve their appearance. The idea is to make the scars seem less apparent as time goes on. Because the effects are only transitory, it is necessary to repeat the procedure in order to maintain the impact. Skin color changes are unlikely to occur as a result of this procedure. It may be possible to enhance the look of your skin after receiving an injection of steroids into some kinds of elevated scars.
Laser resurfacing has gained popularity, and it is often utilized on scars that were previously treated with dermabrasion. People with darker skin or a history of keloids are more likely than others to have negative effects from this procedure.
Facial Scars Healing Methods
In the course of facial scars healing, a wound may ultimately transform into a scar. Injuries, acne, burns, and surgery may all result in the formation of facial scars, which can be disfiguring. In part due to the fact that your face is continuously exposed to the elements, scars on this portion of your body may have a more difficult time healing. In contrast to other parts of your body, where you may be able to cover or conceal a wound, your face is left exposed to the environment for the most of the day.
As wounds on the face heal, it may not be able to completely shield them, and it may be difficult to prevent treatments (e.g., ointments, lotions) from rubbing away. Fortunately, there are several choices available for treating face scars (facial scars healing), which is excellent news for those who are seeking for a nonsurgical solution. Examine the following common techniques and consult with a dermatologist about all of the advantages and disadvantages of each.
Dermabrasion for facial scars healing
The use of dermabrasion to repair facial scars is one of the most successful and widely used treatments available. Dermabrasion, in contrast to microdermabrasion kits that can be purchased at a pharmacy, is conducted by a dermatologist. They exfoliate the top layer of skin on your face using a wire brush or a wheel, depending on the procedure.
Dermabrasion is a skin-resurfacing process in which the outer layer of skin is removed by use of a rapidly rotating instrument. The skin that regenerates is frequently smoother than the skin that was removed. A procedure known as dermabrasion may help to reduce the appearance of fine facial lines and enhance the appearance of a variety of skin imperfections such as acne scars, surgical scars, age spots, and wrinkles.
Dermabrasion may be performed as a stand-alone operation or in conjunction with other cosmetic procedures. It is possible that your skin tone may not return to normal for three months or more. Acne scars, fine wrinkles, rhinophyma, sun damage, uneven skin tone, age spots, and tattoo scars; there are several therapies available for these problems, and dermabrasion is merely one of the options available. For example, advancements in laser technology have made laser tattoo removal both faster and simpler than ever before.
Inform yourself about all of the treatment options available for your individual issue by speaking with your dermatologist. A number of skin disorders, such as inflammatory acne, recurrent herpes flare-ups, radiation burns, and burn scars, may make it impossible for your doctor to conduct dermabrasion on your skin. In addition, if you’ve been taking drugs that have a skin-thinning side effect, you may not be able to have dermabrasion done. In addition, if your skin tone is naturally quite dark, your doctor may not propose dermabrasion for you.
Chemical peels for facial scars healing
Chemcial peels are composed of weak acids that are applied to the skin in a single thin layer. This causes the epidermis to exfoliate and roll off, revealing the dermis underneath it. Chemical peels are available in three different varieties.
Deep peel: This form of peel contains phenol and is the most popular type used for scars since it penetrates further into the skin than other types do.
Superficial peel: Which has gentler effects and may help to alleviate discolouration associated with modest scars, is the second option.
Medium peel: While glycolic acid is utilized in this peel to address discolouration, it is most often used for anti-aging treatments due to the anti-aging properties of the glycolic acid.
Intensive peels are so harsh that they might take up to three weeks to fully recover, according to the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery. Initially, your face will be bandaged, and the dressings will need to be changed on a daily basis. It is possible that you may need to take antiviral drugs in order to avoid disease.
Chemical peels are commonly accessible since they are a popular skin treatment option. Peels, on the other hand, should only be performed by a dermatologist who is board-certified in scar therapy. Aside from facial scars healing, they may also be used to treat other skin disorders such as age spots and wrinkles. Additionally, they may result in skin that is smoother and younger-looking.
Each treatment is quick, painless, and causes the least amount of disturbance to your everyday schedule. Professional chemical peels, when done in a period of six bi-weekly treatments, may dramatically enhance skin’s general health and vitality while also treating particular issues like acne and dark spots. Your facial scars healing plan may be tailored to your specific skincare requirements and budget.
Laser resurfacing for facial scars healing
Laser resurfacing may be used to treat fine wrinkles, face scars, age spots, uneven skin tone or texture, sun-damaged skin, and mild to severe acne scars. Laser resurfacing is a cosmetic rejuvenation technique that employs a laser to enhance the skin’s look or address minor facial defects. It can be done using ablative laser and nonablative laser.
Ablative laser is a wounding laser that removes the thin outer layer of skin (epidermis) and warms the underlying skin (dermis), which encourages the development of new collagen fibers. As the epidermis recovers and regrows, the treated region looks smoother and tighter. Types of ablative treatments include the carbon dioxide (CO2) laser, the erbium laser and combination systems.
Nonablative laser is a nonwounding laser that encourages collagen development, which over time helps improve skin tone and texture. This procedure may be done with several kinds of lasers as well as intense pulsed light (IPL) devices. Nonablative laser resurfacing is less intrusive and needs less recovery time than does ablative laser resurfacing. But it’s less effective.
Both approaches may be given using a fractional laser, which leaves tiny columns of untreated tissue throughout the treatment region. Fractional lasers were designed to minimize recovery time and lower the danger of adverse effects.
Laser resurfacing may minimize the appearance of small wrinkles in the face. It may help repair loss of skin tone and restore your complexion if you have scars or sun damage. Laser resurfacing can’t eradicate excessive or sagging skin. Having a thorough understanding of the precise processes, dangers, and potential outcomes will assist you in determining if laser resurfacing is best for you.
The procedure of ablative laser resurfacing has a small risk of permanent scarring. Turning the lower eyelid is a common occurrence (ectropion). Only in very rare cases may ablative laser resurfacing performed near the lower eyelid cause it to open up, exposing its internal layer of skin.
Nonablative laser resurfacing risks for facial scars healing
Nonablative laser resurfacing may potentially induce a variety of adverse effects, including the following:
- Nonablative laser resurfacing has the potential to trigger an outbreak of the herpes virus
- Changes in the color of one’s skin. Because of the nature of nonablative laser resurfacing, treated skin may seem momentarily darker than it was before to treatment (hyperpigmentation)
- Mild swelling and redness are present. Swelling and redness are usually temporary, lasting just a few hours or days
There are certain people who should not have laser resurfacing done. If you have any of the following conditions, your doctor may advise against laser resurfacing:
- Anyone who has used the acne medicine isotretinoin (Claravis, Myorisan, Zenatane) in the past year is at risk of developing autoimmune diseases or having a compromised immune system
- Those who have a propensity to develop scars
- Those who have had radiation treatment to the face
- Those who are prone to cold sores or have recently had an outbreak of cold sores or herpes virus
- Those who have a darker skin tone
- Those who have had radiation therapy to the face
- Those who are pregnant or nursing a child
What You Can Expect During the Procedure
Laser resurfacing may be performed as an outpatient treatment by your doctor. Your medical team will use medicine to numb the skin. You may need to be sedated if you need substantial resurfacing, such as treatment for your whole face. Ablative laser resurfacing is a procedure in which a powerful beam of light energy (laser) is focused at your skin.
The outer layer of skin is destroyed by the laser beam (epidermis). While doing so, the laser warms the dermis (the layer of skin under the surface of the skin), which promotes collagen creation over time, resulting in improved skin tone and texture. It takes between 30 minutes and two hours to do ablative laser resurfacing, depending on the method employed and the size of the region being treated. Nonwounding laser therapy, also known as nonablative laser treatment, is often performed in a series of sessions spread out over many weeks or months.
After Laser Resurfacing and Its Results for Facial Scars Healing
Ablative laser resurfacing causes the skin to become raw, puffy, and irritating after it is performed. During the procedure, your doctor may apply a thick ointment to the treated skin and may cover the region with an airtight and waterproof covering. You may choose to take pain relievers and apply cold compresses to the affected area.
In most cases, new skin will cover the affected region within one or two weeks. Please refrain from using anything that may irritate your skin, such as makeup and sunscreen, during this time period. In addition, avoid conditions that raise your chance of illness, such as swimming in contaminated water. Recovery period after nonablative laser resurfacing is quite short. It is possible that you will experience some redness, swelling, and pain.
As required, apply cold compresses to the affected area. You may return to your usual activities and skin care regimen as soon as you want to. After ablative laser resurfacing, your face may remain red or pink for many months after the procedure. However, after the treated area has begun to recover, you will notice a change in the quality and look of your skin. The consequences might persist for many years.
The results of nonablative laser resurfacing are often gradual and progressive in nature. Wrinkles are less likely to be improved than skin texture and pigmentation, so pay attention to those areas first. To avoid uneven pigmentation after laser resurfacing, avoid uncontrolled sun exposure for at least one year after the procedure. Be aware that your results may not be long-term in nature. By squinting and smiling, you’ll continue to develop wrinkles as you become older. New sun damage might potentially cause your results to be reversed.
Plastic Surgery for Facial Scars Healing
Alternatively, plastic surgery might be used to address the condition. The method of surgery, in contrast to the other treatments outlined above, is more intrusive, requiring the scar tissue to be surgically removed or reshaped with a scalpel. Depending on your objectives and the severity of the scar, your doctor may recommend that you have the scar or the epidermis removed, or that you have the scar moved to reduce its visibility.
This surgery, in contrast to the other treatment choices, may need the consultation of a plastic surgeon rather than a dermatologist. Make sure to choose a board-certified plastic surgeon who has a track record of success doing cosmetic surgery on facial scars. When compared to alternative treatments, plastic surgery often produces superior results. Scars may be treated in a variety of ways, and there are various options available. Because of its exorbitant cost, it is not a possibility for the majority of individuals. Increased complexity increases the likelihood of infection and scarring with more sophisticated operations as well.
Scar Camouflage for Facial Scars Healing
Scars, no matter where they come from, are often loaded with symbolic significance. Those who have survived consider them a symbol of triumph, a badge of survivorhood. Others see them as a harbinger of a chapter in their lives that they would rather forget. Regardless, there is no getting around the reality that some scars heal more quickly than others for a variety of different reasons.
In recent years, there has been an increase in the adoption of a novel scar-minimizing procedure. Scar camouflage is a procedure that employs techniques comparable to permanent makeup to, well, conceal the look of a scar or other blemish on the skin. Here’s all you need to know about the current fashion trend. Scar camouflage, aka skin color tattooing or camouflage tattooing, is a needle and pigment method that blends scars into the surrounding natural skin by employing permanent cosmetic pigments to blend scars into the surrounding natural skin.
Dermatological repigmentation, which is often done by a medical or paramedical tattoo technician/artist, has grown in popularity as a result of its ability to enhance the look of scars, stretch marks, and other regions afflicted by hypopigmentation. When examining a scar for corrective micropigmentation, the cause of the scar is not as significant as the appearance and feel of the scar, which are both crucial.
Once a wound has healed completely, any sort of pigment loss, including scars (from surgery or injury), stretch marks, and regions missing pigmentation, is often receptive to micropigment color restoration procedures. Finding a trained and experienced medical or paramedical tattoo artist is vitally crucial when contemplating corrective pigment concealment as a cosmetic procedure. After evaluating your specific scar and asking several questions, your tattoo artist will have a deeper grasp of the chemistry of your body throughout the consultation process.
Home Remedies to Get Rid of Facial Scars
In addition to being aggravating, acne breakouts may leave facial scars on the face and other parts of the body as a result of their presence. Some individuals believe that acne scars serve as an unwelcome reminder of a painful and annoying condition they have had. Some home remedies and medical therapies, however, may assist in the removal of acne facial scars, ensuring that they are not permanently scarred. Various over-the-counter medications are available, many of which may assist patients in managing their acne and reducing the appearance of scars.
Retinoids for facial scars healing
Some topical retinoids may be effective in the treatment of acne scars. Topical retinoids, according to the authors of a review published in the journal Dermatology and Therapy, decrease inflammation, diminish acne lesions, and speed up cell regeneration in the skin. The authors also say that retinoids may be effective in reducing the appearance of hyperpigmented facial scars, particularly in persons with darker skin tones.
It is vital to know that retinoids have the potential to make the skin more sensitive to sunlight. When going outside, anybody who is taking retinoids for acne or scar therapy should use sunscreen to protect their skin.
Salicylic acid for facial scars healing
Salicylic acid is an organic acid chemical that is often used in acne treatments. Salicylic acid aids in the removal of dirt, skin cells, and other material from the pores of the skin that causes acne. It also helps to decrease swelling and redness in the region, which may make scarring look less noticeable.
All forms of facial scars benefit from salicylic acid. For most acne sufferers, it’s a fantastic complement to their regular skin care regimen. People with sensitive skin should test a product containing this acid on a tiny patch of skin before applying it to their full face, since it might cause irritation or dryness.
Alpha hydroxy acids for facial scars healing
Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) may aid in the removal of dead skin cells and the prevention of blocked pores on the skin. AHAs are sometimes prescribed by dermatologists for the treatment of acne and the reduction of the appearance of acne scars. In its mildest form, alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) exfoliate the skin’s outer layer, revealing fresh, new skin underneath. This procedure may be beneficial in the treatment of scarring-related discolouration.
Lactic acid for facial scars healing
Lactic acid may be used as a mild peel to remove dead skin cells from the skin. It may aid in the reduction of the appearance of facial scars as well as the smoothing of the general texture of the skin. The use of lactic acid may also assist to lighten black scar tissue, albeit it may produce hyperpigmentation in rare cases.
Because of the possibility of an unpleasant reaction, it is important to test acne scarring solutions that include lactic acid on a tiny area of skin before using them to treat the condition. Lactic acid is included in a variety of acne-treatment treatments. This compound may also be found in diluted apple cider vinegar, which offers for a more natural and cost-effective treatment option.
Natural remedies for Facial Scars
Despite the fact that many individuals utilize natural therapies to help clean up facial scars, the science behind these cures is still up in the air. Some of them may cause more irritation or other difficulties, therefore consumers should proceed with care while using these products. The following are examples of home treatments that people have historically used to heal facial scars:
- Aloe Vera
- Shea Butter
- Baking Soda
- Lemon Juice
- Coconut Oil
Last But Not Least
Facial scars may be an unsightly reminder of acne and may cause some individuals to feel self-conscious, but they do not have to be permanent in most cases. A large number of individuals have had success with one or more home treatments. Receiving medical treatment at a dermatologist’s clinic may also assist in the removal of acne scars in circumstances when the scarring is very persistent.
The results of a well-executed scar camouflage tattoo may be life-changing for customers, increasing their self-esteem and assisting them in moving on with their lives. The quality of life of a patient may be dramatically improved as a result of this operation. It may help our breast cancer survivors feel more like themselves again and identify the person who is looking back at them in the mirror.
How long facial scars heal?
Usually by 6 months the scar will be completely healed, but there can be continued improvement for up to a year. There are many factors that impact your healing. How deep your cut is, its location, your age, and the way your skin heals all determine how visible a final scar will be.
Do facial scars go away?
It's also important to bear in mind that most scars are permanent. Though a given treatment might significantly reduce a scar's appearance, it may not remove the scar entirely. Once a wound has turned into a scar, it's not likely to worsen. If the area begins to itch, turn red, or grow, see your doctor right away.
How do you treat facial scars?
Treatments include surgery to remove the scar, steroid injections, or silicone sheets to flatten the scar. Smaller keloids can be treated using cryotherapy (freezing therapy using liquid nitrogen). You can also prevent keloid formation by using pressure treatment or gel pads with silicone when you are injured.
How do you make a scar look worse?
An environmental factor that clearly has an effect on the appearance on skin scarring is sunlight exposure. Scars can be more sensitive to ultraviolet light for more than a year. An inability to respond to 'photodamage' may lead to worsening inflammation and altered pigmentation.
How do you fade scars fast?
While existing scars cannot be waved away via magic wand, you can speed up the fading process by regularly applying certain topical creams, lotions, and gels to them. Some common ingredients in these scar treatments include aloe vera, cocoa butter, Vitamin E, honey, and other hydrating materials.
Do scars from picking scabs go away?
Even though it may be tough not to pick at a scab, try to leave it alone. If you pick or pull at the scab, you can undo the repair and rip your skin again, which means it'll probably take longer to heal. You may even get a scar. So let that scab sit there — your skin will thank you!