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Face Serum | What, When and How use it


Mahlagha Homayouni


June 16, 2022


Our skin changes in a variety of ways as we get older. Instead of coping with irregular breakouts and oily T-zones, the skin loses suppleness and becomes prone to dehydration and dryness.

“As if growing older wasn’t painful enough, our skin might become dull and lifeless as we get older,” dermatologists say. “It’s caused by a combination of perimenopausal hormone fluctuations, a decrease in skin oil production, and the buildup of UV damage over time,” doctors say. dermatologists  also noticed a decrease in general facial skin collagen and increased skin laxity, particularly on the lower face.”

  • It’s not your imagination: your skin is becoming drier, regardless of gender. “Many individuals this age will notice dull, dry skin, uneven pigmentation and redness, and increased fine lines and deep wrinkles,” determines explains, especially in regions with a lot of movement, such as the forehead and around the nose and lips.

According to studies, more than half of customers aged 15 to 29 use them regularly to prevent the onset of indications of aging.

Your skin might appear dull and age when you’re weary or worn out. It seems rejuvenated, youthful, and alert when full of natural skin-plumping nutrients. That’s why, no matter how much sleep you get, it’s critical to provide your skin with the nutrients it needs to stay plump and fresh.

The secret to attaining glowing, plump skin is to select products that have natural humectant ingredients. hyaluronic acid and Ceramides, and Collagen are the elements that assist the skin to absorb and retaining moisture throughout the day, plumping skin at the cellular level and combating its desire to droop, sag, or lose shine.


skin assessment

Chapter 1

What Makes Skin Plump?

Collagen, elastin, and hyaluronic acid are the three primary components that keep your skin firm and moisturized. These three ingredients help to keep your skin supple, smooth, and elastic. Collagen and elastin are protein fibers that make up the skin’s fundamental structure, while hyaluronic acid fills in the gaps between them to maintain it elastic and supple.

Chapter 2

What Is Face Serum?

“Serums are usually light formulations that deliver actives,” doctors say. “They are typically thin and absorbent, leaving little if anything on the skin’s surface.” Serums can also be lotions, gels, or oils because they don’t have a specific definition.

Serums are also used to treat a wide range of skin issues, such as anti-aging, skin whitening, and acne prevention. They’re more pricey than conventional skincare products, but they’re packed with powerful chemicals, and a little goes a long way. As a result, Robinson recommends asking your dermatologist which serums to use at night and throughout the day.

skin assessment

Chapter 3

What’s the difference between a serum and a moisturizer?

We discovered that serums are thinner and lighter in consistency, whereas moisturizers are thicker and creamier. But what about their performance? “Serums are designed to penetrate deeper into the skin to provide specific active ingredients, whilst moisturizers aid to reinforce the skin’s surface, bind skin cells more efficiently, and operate at the skin’s surface to enhance moisture,” doctors explain.

Chapter 4

When should you use them?

Because serums include active components that should permeate your skin as deeply as possible, you should always use a serum immediately on your skin after cleansing or toning and before applying your moisturizer or sunscreen. After you’ve moisturized, don’t apply your serum. Creams and lotions use thicker, heavier substances to create a barrier on your skin. They can, however, keep active substances out.

Your serum(s) can be used in the morning and at night. They don’t have to be used in place of your moisturizer, but they can help it work better.

Moisturizers have a simpler job: they moisturize the skin and keep it from losing water. Some include anti-aging chemicals in them, so they may do double duty for your skin, but their primary function is to deliver and maintain moisture to the skin. You’ll want to pair your moisturizer with a good serum if you’re dealing with a challenging skin condition like sun damage or hyperpigmentation.

skin assessment

Chapter 5

When to Use Serums

Most face serums are safe to use twice a day: once in the morning on a cleansed face before applying the remainder of your makeup and before going to bed. However, check the directions on the serum’s label for any further information on how to use the serum. Some serums should be avoided throughout the day, while others perform at their best when the sun shines! So, before introducing any serum into your regular skincare routine, make sure to read all of the instructions. Don’t know where to start with your skincare routine?

Chapter 6

How to correctly apply face serum?

Serums are supposed to be applied to your face in little tapping strokes with your fingertips or palms, instead of other skincare products like heavy face creams and moisturizers that are massaged into your skin upward. Allow the serum to sink into your skin naturally rather than rubbing it in. Allow a few minutes for the serum to fully absorb into your skin before continuing your skin care routine.

skin assessment

Chapter 7

Choose face serum ingredients based on your skin type.

With so many alternatives to choose from, our experts agree that purchasing by ingredients is the best way to go. Determine what you want your serum to do first. Then look into the components that might assist you in achieving your skin goals.

  • The ingredients of the serums that are used for pumping must contain the ingredients mentioned below
  • hyaluronic acid

Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a naturally occurring glycosaminoglycan present in connective tissue throughout the body. Glycosaminoglycans are polysaccharides, which are lengthy unbranched carbohydrates or sugars.

HA is the key component that provides your skin structure and gives it that plump, moisturized appearance. You’ve probably heard about collagen, but hyaluronic acid is the real deal.


  • What are the benefits of hyaluronic acid?

What makes hyaluronic acid so special? To begin with, HA has the ability to bind 1000 times its weight in water! To put it another way, it acts as a humectant, attracting water molecules to the surface of your skin to keep it moisturized.

When we talk about well-moisturized skin, we mostly refer to skin with high water content. You’ve probably heard of trans epidermal water loss or TEWL for short. The measurement of how much water evaporates from the skin is known as the evaporation rate.

When a product reduces TEWL, it indicates that it keeps your skin hydrated by preventing water from escaping through the skin’s surface. Hyaluronic acid does this by reducing the rate of water evaporation.

Apart from being an excellent hydrator, it has also been shown in a few tests to be useful in the healing of wounds!

  • What’s the science behind hyaluronic acid?

The molecular weight and concentration of hyaluronic acid have a role in its skin advantages. Size does important in this scenario! The molecular weight of a HA molecule relates to its mass or how large it is. The unified atomic mass units — daltons, or kDa for short — are used to quantify this.

According to the most current human research, HA between 50 to 1,000 kDa is the most useful for skin, with around 130 kDa being the best. Anything greater than that isn’t going to make much of a difference.

Anything lower than that might result in inflammation.

How did we come up with this figure? If you look at the research, you’ll see a pattern, but one of the more detailed studies is Trusted Source examined HA molecules of molecular weights of 50, 130, 300, 800, and 2,000 kDa.

They discovered that therapy with 130 kDa HA was the most effective after one month, improving skin elasticity by 20%. After 60 days, both the 50 and 130 kDa groups showed substantial improvements in wrinkle depth and skin roughness. All of the other molecular weights enhanced skin elasticity and hydration, albeit to a lesser extent. You may learn more about this molecular weight analysis from the original breakdown.

  • What Do Ceramides Do?

Ceramide is a lipid molecule that plays an important role in the stratum corneum – the skin’s outer layer – in both water retention and barrier function. Ceramides keep water in the skin from evaporating too fast, preventing trans-epidermal water loss.

Ceramides can also help to minimize free radicals in the skin, which can damage elastin and collagen. This aids in the prevention of metabolic processes that might result in hyperpigmentation and age spots. Ceramides bind skin cells together in the top layer of the skin. This retains the fluid in the skin while also protecting it from allergies and other external aggressors.

Ceramides are essential not only for a youthful appearance, but also for the proper functioning of the skin.

  • What Causes a Lack of Ceramides & Hyaluronic Acid?

Age, skin diseases, environmental and lifestyle variables are only a few of the factors that impact ceramide and hyaluronic acid concentration levels in the skin.

The normal aging process results in a loss of ceramides and hyaluronic acid. The body gradually generates less of both beyond the age of 25. According to research, ceramide deficiency has been linked to skin conditions such as atopic dry skin and aging skin. As a result of this natural decline, the skin becomes drier, less plump, and wrinkled. This procedure, of course, differs from person to person.

Ceramide levels are decreased in those with dry skin and disorders like eczema, rosacea, and even acne.

This can impact the skin across the body, thus a shortage of ceramides can show up everywhere, such as dry, itchy skin on the legs.

Environmental and lifestyle factors can also contribute to reduced ceramide and hyaluronic acid levels in the skin. The sebaceous glands’ fat synthesis is also affected by ambient temperature; they create less ceramides at low temperatures and the glandular glands constrict. As a result, many people have more dry skin in the winter.

  • Why Are Ceramides & Hyaluronic Acid Important?

Ceramide and hyaluronic acid deficiency aren’t simply a cosmetic issue; they may also affect skin health. When skin is dry, the protective skin barrier is not as strong as it should be, making it more difficult to guard against external aggressors. As a result, skin irritation, contact dermatitis, and even atopic dermatitis develop more quickly. This is why a deficiency in ceramides and hyaluronic acid should be treated immediately.

  • How Do You Improve Your Ceramide & Hyaluronic Acid Levels?

The following three strategies are critical for balancing or preventing a shortage of ceramides and hyaluronic acid:

  • A healthy lifestyle dietary supplements
  • Nourishing cosmetics
  • plumping skin

The natural renewal of the skin is aided by a healthy lifestyle. This includes getting adequate sleep, consuming enough water, and avoiding stress. The skin is deprived of moisture by hot showers and indoor heating. The skin is frequently exposed to a fluctuation in temperature between warm interior air and chilly outdoor air throughout the winter. As a result, it’s not unexpected that the skin dries up at this time of year.

Skincare products directly influence the epidermis, the skin’s outermost layer, where they help repair damage caused by a lack of ceramides and hyaluronic acid. Ceramide emulsions delivered topically provide lipid replenishment and restore lipid equilibrium to the epidermal barrier. Hyaluronic acid, when applied topically, helps your skin’s natural capacity to retain water. The skin can absorb more moisture, but it also retains it better. It may be beneficial to nourish the skin with cleansers, moisturizers, or a serum loaded in ceramides and hyaluronic acid if you have dry skin, acne, or are concerned about the symptoms of aging.

  • Collagen

Collagen is a protein that is essential for the health of your bones, skin, hair, muscles, tendons, and ligaments.

Collagen prevents our skin from sagging and gives us that plump, young appearance. Collagen is produced naturally by your body, but it diminishes as you get older.

We begin to lose collagen in our mid-20s, and women can lose up to 30% of their collagen synthesis in the first five years following menopause. Collagen is lost as we age, thus many people use collagen supplements as part of their anti-aging cosmetic routine.

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How do celebrities get shiny faces


What does serum do for face?

They absorb quickly into your skin, making them an excellent next step after cleansing. There are many different types of serums, each with a unique purpose and ingredients. Some serums help to brighten your skin or reduce blemishes, while others focus on boosting hydration or fighting the signs of aging.

Does face serum actually work?

“I definitely recommend serums for anyone who is concerned about aging. It's a really good way to get extra anti-aging effects, more than your typical moisturizer and sunscreen,” says Dr. Waldman.

Should I use face serum everyday?

Yes, face serum is safe and gentle enough to use daily. In fact, skincare experts strongly recommend that you include it in your daily routine.

What is the right age to use face serum?

The ideal age to start using face serums would be late 20s and early 30s. This is the age at which the first signs of aging appears. You can continue using face serums till the age of 50+. Including a face serum in your skincare regimen will not only enhance your skin but also protect it.

Which is best toner or serum?

Both serums and toners are valuable skin care products, but they don't do the same thing. One cannot be substituted for the other. If you had to choose between the two, serums will provide more benefits to your skin than a toner will.